TABLE J.3 Number of Women 15–44 Years of Age Reporting AIDS Risk Behaviors, and Percent Ever Tested for HIV: United States, 1995



Percent Ever Tested



Number of Women (thousands)

Any Self-Reported Testa (standard error)

All Testsb (standard error)

All women


34.7 (0.6)

47.9 (0.6)

HIV risk

Moderate/high HIV riskc


63.9 (2.0)

68.5 (1.8)

Low HIV risk


32.8 (0.6)

46.6 (0.6)

STD history

At least one STD reported in lifetimed


53.2 (1.8)

66.2 (1.7)

No STD in lifetime


32.6 (0.7)

45.8 (0.6)

Number of sexual partners in lifetime



6.8 (0.8)

20.0 (1.6)



25.3 (1.0)

39.1 (1.1)



37.5 (0.9)

50.6 (1.0)



48.9 (1.0)

62.2 (1.0)

a Includes only tests reported in response to the question: "Have you ever had your blood tested for infection with the AIDS virus?"

b Category includes all tests for HIV infection, including those done in connection with blood donation (i.e., all reporting a blood donation since March 1985).

c Women reported whether they had a high, moderate, low, or no chance of being currently HIV-infected and whether they had a high, moderate, low, or no chance of having had sex with someone HIV-infected. Anyone indicating "high" or "moderate" on either question was categorized as at HIV-risk. In addition, during the audio-CASI portion of the interview, women reported whether they injected drugs in the last year, shared needles in the last year, or had a sex partner in the last year who had male partners, injected drugs, or shared needles. Any respondents answering yes to these questions were also categorized as at-risk. Using these criteria, 6% of women were categorized as at-risk (i.e., either self-identified as at-risk or reporting risk behaviors).

d Includes mention of gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, genital warts, and genital herpes.

Reason for Self-Reported HIV Tests
  • The most common reason for HIV testing among reproductive-age women is "just to find out" (36%), as part of prenatal or pregnancy care (25%), and for a hospital procedure, referral by a doctor or other health provider contact (16%) (Table J.6).
  • Two-thirds of pregnant women (67%) cite pregnancy as the reason for HIV tests performed within the last 12 months (Table J.8).

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