TABLE J.8 Number of Women 15–44 Years of Age by Pregnancy Status and Percent Tested for HIV In Last 12 Months by Location of Testing, Reason for Test, and Source of Referral for HIV Test: United States, 1995a

 

HIV Test Last 12 Months (percent/standard error)

 

Pregnant (n = 3,266)

Not Pregnant (n = 7,139)

Location of test

 

 

Private doctor's office or HMO

62.0 (2.1)

48.4 (1.6)

Public health or other clinicb

28.8 (1.9)

30.2 (1.5)

Hospital or emergency room

7.2 (1.2)

11.1 (1.0)

Other locationsc

2.0 (0.6)

10.4 (1.0)

Total

100.0

100.0

Reason for test

(n = 3,265)

(n = 7,139)

HIV test only reason for test

19.3 (1.8)

49.5 (1.5)

Pregnant, prenatal care

66.9 (2.1)

3.4 (0.5)

Hospital procedure/doctor referrald

7.3 (1.1)

22.0 (1.4)

Health/life insurance

2.9 (0.8)

9.1 (0.8)

Other reasone

3.6 (0.8)

16.0 (1.1)

Total

100.0

100.0

Source of referral for test

(n = 3,265)

(n = 7,139)

Self

24.6 (1.8)

51.0 (1.5)

Health care providerf

70.0 (2.0)

30.1 (1.4)

Insurer

2.3 (0.7)

7.6 (0.8)

Otherg

3.1 (0.8)

11.3 (1.1)

Total

100.0

100.0

a A total of 1,472 survey respondents reported that they either were pregnant at the time of the interview (430), had completed a pregnancy within 12 months of the interview (1,039), or had received pre- or postnatal care in the last 12 months (1,140). Women referred to as "pregnant" in this table are to women who were pregnant, or recently pregnant, at the time of the interview.

b Includes community, family planning, public health, and other clinics.

c Includes other places such as school or college, military facility, home, job site, laboratory, or donation site.

d Includes being part of routine or general physical exam, and to start or renew birth control.

e Includes being part of a marriage license application, for employment, because potentially exposed to HIV, for immigration or visa application, and for school or college.

f Includes women for whom the idea for testing came from a doctor, health department, or hospital or medical policy.

g Includes employer or school, government policy, sexual partner, and family or friends.



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