PHS

Public Health Service

PKU

phenylketonuria

PRAMS

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System

PRWORA

Personnel Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996

PSD

Pediatric Spectrum of Disease


SAMHSA

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

SCBW

Survey of Childbearing Women

SCD

sickle cell disease

SPNS

Special Projects of National Significance

SSDI

Social Security Disability Insurance

SSI

Supplemental Security Income

SSIDCP

SSI Disabled Children's Program

STD

sexually transmitted disease

STEP

Surveillance to Evaluate Prevention


TANF

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families


WIC

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children

WIN

Women's Initiative for HIV Care and Reduction of Perinatal Transmission

WORLD

Women Organized to Respond to Life-threatening Diseases


ZDV

zidovudine, previously known as AZT

Glossary


acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS):

an acquired, as opposed to inherited (congenital), disease characterized by the progressive deterioration of host immune defenses that renders the affected individual susceptible to an array of infectious and malignant disorders that do not normally afflict persons with intact immune systems. AIDS results from infection with human immunodeficiency virus, and is formally defined by a case definition issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

AIDS exceptionalism:

phenomenon where HIV/AIDS is treated differently from other diseases, especially with regard to clinical testing and public health screening programs.

alpha-fetoprotein (AFP):

normal fetal protein that is usually present in maternal serum, used to diagnose neural tube defects and other conditions during pregnancy.



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