TABLE 3.2 Estimated Number of Children with Perinatally Acquired AIDS, by Selected Characteristics, Year of Diagnosis, and Percentage Change from 1992 to 1996, United States, 1992–1996a

 

Year

Characteristic

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

% Change 1992 to 1996

Race/Ethnicityb

White, non-Hispanic

133

126

92

95

67

-50%

Black, non-Hispanic

566

531

522

415

331

-42%

Hispanic

195

195

166

146

111

-43%

Age at AIDS Diagnosis

<5 years

733

693

613

459

360

-51%

>5 years

168

169

179

202

156

-7%

Regionc

Northeast

361

379

315

265

212

-41%

South

362

315

332

243

223

-38%

Midwest

60

74

54

67

30

-50%

West

67

58

65

60

35

-48%

Metropolitan Statistical Area

>500,000 pop.

748

732

675

558

450

-40%

50,000–500,000 pop.

102

75

75

62

41

-60%

<50,000 pop.

51

53

42

39

22

-57%

a Diagnosed through 1996 and reported through September 1997 adjusting for reporting delays and unreported risk.

b Numbers for other racial/ethnic groups were too small for meaningful analysis.

c Northeast = Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South = Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; West = Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Orego, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming; and Midwest = Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

SOURCE: CDC, 1997e.

10,000) have the highest incidence rates. Illinois (1.4 per 10,000), California (0.9 per 10,000), and Texas (0.5 per 10,000) have incidence rates lower than the national average of 1.7 per 10,000 (CDC, 1996b; Ventura et al., 1998).

Reviewing the data by metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) suggests that perinatal AIDS cases were even more concentrated than the state analysis suggests. In fact, two of the three MSAs with the greatest number of perinatal AIDS cases (New York City and Newark, New Jersey) are in the New York metropolitan



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