Investigator(s)

Study Period

Geographic Area

Methods

Results

Comments

Webber MP, Schoenbaum EE, Bonuck KA 1997 Published report

1993–1994

Bronx, New York

Postpartum interviews with a convenience sample of 544 women at a public hospital

79% of women were voluntarily tested for HIV. Strongest correlate of HIV testing was a history of drug use. Women with a drug risk were more than nine times as likely as others to have delivered without receiving any prenatal care

Study conducted prior to the publication of ACTG 076. Prevalence of newborn HIV in Bronx in 1994 was 1.4%

Walter EB, Elliott AJ, Regan AN et al. 1995 Published report

November 1993 to May 1994

Durham, North Carolina

Counselor offered HIV testing to all women delivering newborns

61% offered newborn testing accepted. In multivariate analyses, acceptance was higher among African Americans

 

Lindsay MK 1993 Published report

1991–1993

Atlanta, Georgia

Prospective cohort study of HIV test use among >30,000 pregnant women registered for care at Grady Memorial Hospital

95% of women provided HIV counseling and follow-up services according to a protocol involving a multidisciplinary team accept HIV testing

Study hospital provides care for a predominantly African-American inner-city population

Healton C, Howard J, Messeri P, et al. 1996 Published report

1991

New York

Telephone survey of 136 women's health organizations (family planning programs and prenatal care assistance programs), telephone and in-person interviews with 98 HIV counselors, and in-person interviews with 354 women

Slightly fewer than 60% of women agreed to be counseled, and of those, less than half consented to an HIV test at the counseling site. Women at the prenatal care programs were twice as likely as women at family planning programs to be tested (30% vs. 14%). Women were not tested mainly because they already knew their HIV status (31%) or did not want to know their HIV status (31%). Approximately two-thirds of women who were tested returned for their results and post-test counseling. Clients' recall of pre-test counseling content was relatively poor. Organization variables rather than client factors explained counseling and test use (young counselors, pre-counseling sentiments, presence of HIV primary care, heavy caseloads)

Investigators did not present information by pregnancy status. It is unclear whether family planning settings provided prenatal care

Mason J, Preisinger J, Sperling R., et al. 1991 Published report

1989

New York City

Descriptive study of HIV education and counseling program within a hospital prenatal care program

20% (297/1,453) of women participating in a prenatal group orientation session on HIV elected to be tested)

Study hospital provides health care to predominantly minority women

Lindsay MK, Peterson HB, Willis S, et al. 1991c Published report

July 1987 to June 1990

Atlanta, Georgia

Prospective cohort study of HIV test use among 23,432 pregnant women registered for care at Grady Memorial Hospital

Nearly all pregnant women receiving prenatal care (95%) consented to HIV testing

Study hospital provides care for a predominantly African-American inner-city population



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