. "6 Implementation and Impact of the Public Health Service Counseling and Testing Guidelines." Reducing the Odds: Preventing Perinatal Transmission of HIV in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1999.
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75% to 86% of pregnant women accepted HIV testing when it was offered (HIV testing rates ranged from 59% to 77%). Test acceptance was higher when providers strongly recommended testing, and among women seen in public settings, those with Medicaid coverage, African Americans, and those with low educational attainment (Appendix D).
Very high HIV test acceptance was recorded in postpartum surveys conducted as part of CDC's Perinatal Guideline Evaluation Project. Between 87% and 100% of women surveyed were offered an HIV test across the four study