1. In order to improve the ability to assess mechanisms, change processes, and interactions among factors, it would help to have more standardization and greater detail in injury reports, better measurement of the attributes of contributors and risks, and better measurement of outcomes and other relevant variables.

  2. Although a good deal is known about musculoskeletal disorders, a better understanding of the clinical courses of these disorders would be possible with improved models and measures. Better understanding of the course of these disorders would provide information that would assist in formulating strategies for tertiary intervention, by altering the clinical and economic impact of musculoskeletal disorders once they have become manifest. One potential area for research is the contribution of physical conditioning and exercise to developing human resistance and resilience.

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