Index

A

Accounting, 117

Adaptable systems, 5-6, 58

for concurrent manufacturing, 16-17

creating reconfigurable enterprises, 30-33, 38-40

design methodologies, 16

future of manufacturing, 11

integrated manufacturing systems, 23

manufacturing operations, 32-33, 38-39

theoretical foundation, 39

workforce in, 18-19

Artificial intelligence, 26-27, 44

Automation, 12, 19

Aviation industry, 74

B

Biotechnology, 3, 38, 74

materials development, 17

prospects, 12, 35-36, 59

research opportunities, 42-43, 120

Business unit managers, 18-19

C

Challenges for manufacturers, 91, 93, 95, 97, 100, 113

accommodating cultural diversity, 95

concurrent manufacturing, 13-17

conversion processes and tools, 115-116

converting information to knowledge, 24-27

creating reconfigurable enterprises, 30-33

design and planning, 114

global competition, 86

global crises, 98

global management, 92, 93

grand challenges, 3-4, 13, 57

growth, 91

innovation, 33-36

integration of multiple perspectives, 92

integration of resources, 17-24

intelligent communication systems, 114-115

interdisciplinary research, 63-64

managing change, 94

modeling and simulation, 88-89, 114, 119



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OCR for page 151
--> Index A Accounting, 117 Adaptable systems, 5-6, 58 for concurrent manufacturing, 16-17 creating reconfigurable enterprises, 30-33, 38-40 design methodologies, 16 future of manufacturing, 11 integrated manufacturing systems, 23 manufacturing operations, 32-33, 38-39 theoretical foundation, 39 workforce in, 18-19 Artificial intelligence, 26-27, 44 Automation, 12, 19 Aviation industry, 74 B Biotechnology, 3, 38, 74 materials development, 17 prospects, 12, 35-36, 59 research opportunities, 42-43, 120 Business unit managers, 18-19 C Challenges for manufacturers, 91, 93, 95, 97, 100, 113 accommodating cultural diversity, 95 concurrent manufacturing, 13-17 conversion processes and tools, 115-116 converting information to knowledge, 24-27 creating reconfigurable enterprises, 30-33 design and planning, 114 global competition, 86 global crises, 98 global management, 92, 93 grand challenges, 3-4, 13, 57 growth, 91 innovation, 33-36 integration of multiple perspectives, 92 integration of resources, 17-24 intelligent communication systems, 114-115 interdisciplinary research, 63-64 managing change, 94 modeling and simulation, 88-89, 114, 119

OCR for page 151
--> research needs, 37-38, 57-58 sustaining manufacturing infrastructure, 94 systems management, 95 technologies for meeting, 4, 47 Chaos theory, 39, 111 Cognitive science, 6 Collaborations and partnerships current status, 20, 31 future of manufacturing, 2-3, 30-31 government-industry, for environmental protection, 30 information technology for, 26, 47, 87 Competency, 11, 14 Competition environmental issues, 29 future business practices, 89-90 future of manufacturing, 2, 9, 10, 14 global, 85-86 pressure for systems integration, 17-18 technology and, 111 in technology-driven industries, 74-75 Complexity theory, 111-112 Concurrency of operations current status, 15-16 definition, 13-14 enabling technologies, 16-17 implications for enterprise functioning, 14-15 Crosscutting technologies, 5 research, 58 Cultural diversity, 95 Custom-made products, 97, 98 Customers/consumers environmental concerns, 29 future of manufacturing, 9, 10, 87, 96 information needs of companies, 88 in innovation process, 108 D Decision making, 11 artificial intelligence for, 26-27 in complex systems, 112 in concurrent manufacturing, 14 factory locations, 111 information technology for, 44 in integrated systems, 18, 19 technology research opportunities, 117 workforce education for, 25 Delphi survey, 2, 3, 9, 123-129, 134-145 Direct deposition processes, 35 Driver technologies, 60-61 E Economics future geo-economics, 76-80 future of manufacturing, 2 worker compensation, 76-77 Education and training current status, 25 future challenges and needs, 95, 102, 109-110, 117, 119 human-machine interface, 46 human resources management, 121 public sector role, 122 research opportunities, 46 technology for, 22, 25-26, 109-110 worker compensation and, 76-77 Electronics industry, 110-111 microelectromechanical systems, 59, 74 Energy consumption, 30, 40, 122 Entrepreneurship, 73-74 Environmental disaster, 99 Environmental protection, 9 compliance, 28, 81 current status, 28-29 determinants of environmental impacts, 81 enabling technologies, 29-30, 116 government-industry relations, 30 grand challenge, 4, 13, 27-28 industrial ecology, 28, 81 infrastructure for, 81-83 issues in manufacturing, 83-84, 96 remediation, 28, 81 research opportunities, 40-41, 116 trends, 83 See also Waste management Envisioning the future, 8-9, 12

OCR for page 151
--> G Game theory, 32 Globalization, 24 management challenges, 92, 93 organizational linkages, 106 supply chains, 93 worker compensation and, 76-77 Goal-setting, 7 research agenda, 64-65 H Holonics, 39, 100 I Income, 76-77 Industrial ecology, 28, 81-83 Information management/technology, 58 artificial intelligence, 26-27 for collaborations, 20, 87 for concurrent manufacturing, 14 consumer behavior, 88 current status, 25 data presentation, 45 database design, 45 as driver technology, 60-61 enabling technologies, 25-27 filters and agents, 26, 44 future of manufacturing, 10, 24-25, 93, 96, 110-111, 118-119 grand challenge, 3, 13, 24 human-machine interface, 23-24, 45-46, 120-121 human resources management and, 121 for integrated systems, 22 intelligent communication systems, 114-115 knowledge delivery, 109-110 in knowledge economy, 106-108 language processing, 26, 33 megatrends, 87-88 for modeling and simulation, 27, 43-44 next-generation manufacturing knowledge base, 62-63 real-time transactions, 24-25, 26 research opportunities, 44-45, 121-122 research recommendations, 5-6, 61 security, 26 significance of, 87 standards for data exchange, 15, 22 systems interaction, 12 workforce access, 11-12 Innovation current status, 34 customer role in, 108 grand challenge, 33-34 in knowledge economy, 106 management challenges, 96, 106-108, 117 in materials development, 41-42 technology transfer/diffusion, 104 Integrated systems communications in, 18, 22 current status, 19-21 enabling technologies, 21-24 need for, 17-18 operations, 18-19 performance assessment in, 19 pressure for, 18 research opportunities, 103 International trade, 73, 77-80 K Knowledge economy, 106-108 L Labor. See Workforce Life cycle design, 15, 42, 81, 119 Local markets, 11 M Manufacturing characteristics of successful, 93 concurrency of operations, 13-17 definition, 9 enterprise structure, 10-11 future challenges, 3-4, 13

OCR for page 151
--> future environment, 1, 2-3, 8-9, 9, 92, 94-95, 96-98, 99, 100-101 next-generation, 61-63 production processes, 12 significance of, 1 Materials development/management, 74 for concurrent manufacturing, 14, 17 design, 42 future of manufacturing, 3, 10, 11 global supply chains, 92 research opportunities, 41-42 self-replicating materials, 59 technical challenges, 17, 116 theoretical foundation, 42 waste management and, 27-28, 83 MEMS. See Microelectromechanical systems Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), 59, 74 Modeling and simulation, 121 for concurrent manufacturing, 16 consumer behavior, 88 current status, 20 environmental risk assessment, 29 of human factors, 60 information technology for, 27 for integrating systems, 21 next-generation manufacturing goals and, 63 rapid prototyping, 38 for reconfigurable systems, 39-40 research opportunities, 43-44, 58, 60, 88-89 research recommendations, 5, 6 technical challenges, 119 tools, 44, 114 Multidisciplinary approach in research, 5 technology for collaborations, 20 N Nanofabrication, 3, 34, 36, 38, 41, 59 applications, 35 processes, 35 prospects, 12, 41-42, 59 Net-shape processes, 38, 40, 42 Next-generation manufacturing, 61-63 O Organizational structure business unit managers, 18-19 complex systems, 112 current, 20-21 decision making, 11 fractal, 84-86 future prospects, 2-3, 10-11, 90, 102, 105, 111 holonic system, 100-101 integration of human and technical resources, 17-24 manufacturing network, 18, 98 reconfiguring, 32 systems modeling technology, 16 P Performance assessment, 19, 31-32 Political environment. See Sociopolitical context Population growth, 27-28 immigration trends, 73 Process technology, 12 biotechnology applications, 43 custom-made products, 97, 98 evolution, 102 flexibility, 110 future prospects, 94-95, 97-98 intelligent processing, 63 reconfigurable systems, 32-33, 38-40 research opportunities, 45, 116, 117-118 technical challenges, 115, 119, 120 Product development adaptable design methodologies, 16 concurrent manufacturing, 13-14 design team, 45 exchange standards for product data, 15 in industrial ecology, 81

OCR for page 151
--> information management challenges, 24-25 in integrated systems, 18-19, 22-23 life cycle design, 15 market pressures, 17 research opportunities, 45 software design, 23 stakeholders in, 23 technical challenges, 119 technology trends, 15-16 time-to-market, 14, 15-16 tools for, 114 waste-free manufacturing, 29-30, 41 R Reconfigurable enterprises and systems, 30-33, 38-40 Research basic, 6 biotechnology, 42-43 breakthrough, 58 collaboration software, 47 crosscutting, 58 enterprise modeling and simulation, 43-44, 60, 88-89 goal-setting, 64-65 human-machine interface, 45-46, 120-121 information technology, 44-45, 60-61 intelligent communication systems, 115 interdisciplinary, 5, 6, 63-64 for meeting grand challenges, 37-38, 57-58 multidisciplinary, 5 for next-generation manufacturing, 62-63 opportunities, 117-119, 120 product and process design, 45, 114, 120 recommendations for, 5-7, 58, 60, 61, 64 reconfigurable systems, 38-40 in smaller companies, 104-105 submicron manufacturing, 59 waste-free processing, 40-41 workforce education and training, 46, 102 Resistance to change, 106 Resources enterprise resource planning, 15 future of manufacturing, 2-3, 10 waste control, 27-28, 83 S Security, information, 26 Semiconductor industry, 59 Smart materials, 42 Sociopolitical context, 2, 72-73, 75 crises, 96, 98, 99 global competition, 85-86 managing change, 94 megatrends, 87-88 Software, 74 for enterprise modeling and simulation, 43-44 for intelligent collaboration systems, 47 product development, 23 for reconfiguring enterprises, 32 for reconfiguring operations, 33 Standard for Exchange of Product-Model Data (STEP), 15 Standard of living, 74, 76-80 Standards, information exchange, 15, 22 STEP. See Standard for Exchange of Product-Model Data Submicron manufacturing, 6, 41 research opportunities, 59 significance of, 59 See also Nanofabrication Systems management, 95 T Taxonomy, 39 Teams/teamwork, 14 design team, 45 program team, 105 team theory, 32

OCR for page 151
--> Technology, generally for collaboration, 20, 26, 47, 87 for concurrent manufacturing, 15-17 crosscutting, 5 design methodologies, 16 diffusion, 104 driver, 60-61 for education and training, 22, 25-26, 109-110 for environmental protection, 29-30, 116 future of manufacturing, 2, 3, 12, 73, 86, 102-103 goal setting, 7 human-machine interface, 23-24, 45-46, 104, 120-121 innovative processes, 33-36 integrated systems, 21-24 manufacturing equipment, 16-17, 27 materials development, 17, 41-42 for meeting grand challenges, 4, 47 monitoring development of, 7 product development time, 15-16 push/pull model, 86-87 for reconfiguring enterprises and operations, 32-33 research recommendations, 5-7 software design methods, 23 systems modeling, 16 technology-driven industries, 73, 74-75 worker compensation and, 76, 77 Telecommunications industry prospects, 74-75 social implications, 75-76 Timetable for progress, 7, 64-65 Tooling, 39 Tools modeling research, 44, 114 for planning and design, 114 Translation, language, 26 U United States, 74-75 worker compensation in, 76-77 W Waste management, 27-30 energy consumption, 30 environmental management, 83 research opportunities, 40-41, 116 technical challenges, 116 waste-free manufacturing, 29-30 Workforce access to information, 11-12 adaptability, 104 automation and, 12, 19 business unit managers, 18-19 in concurrent manufacturing, 14 critical technologies for, 102-103 decision-making autonomy, 19 education and training, 46, 95, 109-110, 121 factory locations, 111 future of manufacturing, 10, 11-12, 110 globalization of manufacturing, 24 implications of telecommunications technology, 75-76, 109-110 integrated systems approach, 17-24 in knowledge economy, 106 in manufacturing network, 18 motivation, 19, 100, 121 performance evaluation, 19, 121 in programmable manufacturing, 97 research opportunities, 103 skills development, 18, 19, 22 in smaller companies, 104-105 standard of living, 75-76 systems interaction, 12, 14, 103 technical challenges, 117 work environment trends, 102, 104-105 Workshop on Visionary Manufacturing Challenges, 69-70