TABLE 3-8 Enabling Capabilities for Innovative Processes (Grand Challenge 6)

Technology

Enabling Capabilities

New materials processes (e.g., submicron and nanoscale manufacturing)

With this technology, new materials with unusual properties (e.g., room-temperature superconductivity, electromagnetic properties confined to submicron domains, and unidirectional heat flows) will make possible new classes of products or radical reengineering of traditional products. Technology to create these new materials and then manufacture them in bulk will be required to realize this potential. Manufacturing components using these new materials will also require new processes.

Biotechnology for manufacturing

This technology will enable a special class of manufacturing: biological processes to manufacture new raw materials and finished components with biologically defined properties and shapes. The technology will enable new products and products using hybrid materials.

Adaptable and reconfigurable systems

This technology will make possible programmable equipment, processes, and systems that can be used to create a broad range of products rapidly and with minimal changeover costs. Affordable, one-of-a-kind products will be quickly produced to meet specific customer requirements.

Improved design methodologies

This technology will provide new design methodologies that can be quickly adapted to accommodate major changes in requirements. Timely, affordable, one-of-a-kind products will require rapid product and process designs.



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