BOX 7.2 Examples of Nonprofit Organizations
Brain Injury Association (BIA): Founded in 1980, the BIA works to increase awareness and promote prevention of brain injury. Additionally, it works through state associations and in conjunction with health care facilities to develop a network of community services and support groups for individuals with brain injury and their families. Administered by the BIA, the American Academy for the Certification of Brain Injury Specialists has developed a three-level certification program for individuals working in brain injury rehabilitation (BIA, 1998).
The California Wellness Foundation: Targeting youth violence prevention as one of its five key strategic initiatives, the foundation funds grants on policy change, funds research grants, encourages grassroots leadership through community leadership awards, strengthens postgraduate programs through academic fellowship grants, and supports community action by providing resources and technical assistance for pilot programs.
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS): Sponsored by more than 80 automobile insurance companies, IIHS is a nonprofit research organization that focuses on the primary factors involved in automobile collisions: human factors, vehicle crashworthiness and safety features, the physical environment, and legal measures. The Highway Loss Data Institute, one of the two major components of IIHS, gathers, analyzes, and publishes data on vehicles and their insurance losses. In 1992, IIHS opened the Vehicle Research Center, which utilizes full-scale crash testing and investigation of on-the-road crashes to collect and analyze information on vehicle crashworthiness and the implications of safety measures on occupant protection.
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD): MADD has worked for the past 17 years to raise awareness about the often fatal consequences of drunk driving, to look for effective solutions to drunk driving and underage drinking problems, and to provide support to victims of drunk driving crashes. Started by a small group of California women after the death of a teenager, the nonprofit association now has over 600 local chapters throughout the United States and receives both individual and corporate support (MADD, 1998).