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Reducing the Burden of Injury: Advancing Prevention and Treatment
on the topics of violence against women and violence within the family. Another noteworthy example of research collaboration is to be found in the National Consortium on Violence Research. The consortium is a nationwide, multidisciplinary group of 50 violence researchers from many institutions. The group is brought together under the auspices of Carnegie Mellon University, the recipient of a large federal grant to form the consortium. Most of the approximately $2.4 million in annual funding comes from the National Science Foundation, with contributions from NIJ and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The consortium is a unique program that organizes collaborative research projects on factors contributing to serious violence. It solicits and funds research proposals developed largely by its members and coinvestigators. The scope of the consortium's research solicitations is targeted by an internal steering committee and an advisory committee that engage in peer review of proposals. Members of the consortium also are provided access to a Data Center with linkable data sets and associated software. The consortium bears watching as an innovative model for bringing together outstanding yet dispersed researchers. It is to be evaluated by the National Science Foundation in 1999.
A formal interagency coordinating mechanism is needed to promote and facilitate research collaborations on violence prevention. Some of the above mentioned interagency collaborations were the outgrowth of a previous Inter-agency Working Group on Violence Research. This working group was created in 1995 by the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), but it has not met for more than a year. A similar type of group needs to be reinstated and expanded to include all federal departments and agencies with an interest in violence prevention. The purpose of such a committee would be to develop systematic and coordinated research strategies for evaluating violence prevention programs. The committee urges the creation of an interagency coordinating committee for violence prevention research. NIJ should take the initiative to establish such a committee in concert with other federal agencies
NATIONAL CENTER FOR INJURY PREVENTION AND CONTROL
The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) traces its origins to a 1985 NRC report Injury in America. This report prompted Congress to establish a new pilot program at the CDC to address the problem of injury. Placement at CDC was recommended by virtue of its research rather than regulatory emphasis, its strong relationships with state health departments, and its capacity to disseminate new information and technology (NRC, 1985). After three years of operation with funds transferred from the Department of Transportation, the NRC reviewed the program's progress and recommended in a 1988 report that it be made permanent (NRC, 1988). Congress responded with a significant milestone, the Injury Control Act of 1990, which authorized the program