within CDC and paved the way for direct appropriations. In 1992, CDC elevated what was then called the Division of Injury Epidemiology and Control to the status of a center.
The mission of NCIPC is "to provide leadership in preventing and controlling injuries, i.e., reducing the incidence, severity, and adverse outcomes of injury" (NCIPC, 1996a). This mission is accomplished through a spectrum of public health activities in research, surveillance, implementation and evaluation of programs, and public education. NCIPC has no regulatory authority. It concentrates on non-occupational injuries to distinguish its role from that of NIOSH (described earlier).
In FY 1997, NCIPC commanded a budget of $49.2 million. Its 123 FTEs were divided among three divisions and two staff offices serving the director. The divisions are the Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention; the Division of Violence Prevention; and the Division of Acute Care, Rehabilitation Research, and Disability Prevention. One staff office is responsible for statistics and analyses of injury surveillance data and the other for administration of grants and cooperative agreements (described below).
NCIPC supports a nationwide extramural grant program to universities and other research entities. The grant program awards funds for peer-reviewed research in a manner almost identical to that of the NIH13; it sponsors a 21-member study section composed of extramural researchers whose function is to evaluate prospectively the technical merit of submitted applications and recommend funding levels. NCIPC's study section is one of two administered by CDC, with the other serving NIOSH. NCIPC supports three major types of projects: (1) individual investigator grants (discrete projects by a principal investigator); (2) program projects (a series of related individual projects that have an interdisciplinary study design); and (3) centers. Centers, as the most comprehensive type of grant, perform research in the three core phases of injury prevention and treatment (prevention, acute care, and rehabilitation), and also support public information and some training activities.