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Reducing the Burden of Injury: Advancing Prevention and Treatment
this report. For one thing, other reports and reviews have recently synthesized knowledge and opportunities in the component parts of the field (see, e.g., National Committee ; IOM ; Rivara et al. [1997a,b]). More importantly, the committee's charge was to assess the injury field as a whole and to make 'recommendations for advancing the field as a whole. Rather than compiling particular recommendations for each of the component areas, the committee wanted to highlight the potential contributions of injury science and practice to a diverse, collaborative effort to achieve a safer society.
Chapter 2 describes the magnitude and costs of injury in the United States. Chapter 3 reviews existing injury data systems and makes recommendations for improving injury surveillance as a necessary foundation for further advances in risk analysis, prevention research, and program evaluation. Chapter 4 highlights opportunities for strengthening injury prevention research. Chapter 5 presents two case studies of injury prevention—motor vehicles and firearms—in an effort to identify the successful components from motor vehicle injury prevention that may be applied to reducing firearm injuries. Chapter 6 reviews progress in trauma systems development.
Chapters 7 and 8 present recommendations for strengthening society's capacity to prevent and treat injuries. Chapter 7 focuses on state and community action, with a particular emphasis on the implementation of injury prevention programs. Chapter 8 addresses the federal response, with a series of recommendations for strengthening federal support for research and program development and for coordinating the federal effort. Chapter 9 provides the main conclusions of this report and discusses future opportunities for reducing the burden of injury in America. Finally, there are four appendices in the report: Appendix A provides a list of those individuals who shared their insights and knowledge with committee members, attended meetings, and the public or scientific workshop. Appendix B provides a timeline of selected historical events in the injury field. Appendix C details the agenda for the committee's public workshop. Appendix D contains a list of acronyms used in the report.