Figure 2.5 Hospital discharge rates for injury by age and sex: United States, 1993–1994. Source: Fingerhut and Warner, 1997.

Hospitalization rates for black males under 15 years, 15–44 years, and 45–64 years of age were about twice the rates for white males. At ages 65 years and over, the rates for white and black males were similar. Among females, discharge rates for black children were about twice the rates for white children and differences narrowed with increasing age. For persons 65 years of age and over, injury discharge rates for white females were 1.4 times the rates for black females.

Emergency Department Visits

About 4 of 10 ED visits were for injuries. In 1993–1994, injury visit rates were similarly high for children under 5 years of age and for persons 15–24 years of age and were similarly lower for people aged 45–64 years and 65–74 years compared with other age groups. At ages 5–14 years, 15–24 years, and 25–44 years, injury visit rates for males were 1.4 times the rates for females, and among those 75 years of age and over, the visit rate for females was 1.3 times the rate for males.

ED injury visit rates for black males and females were higher than for white males and females, 23 and 17 per 100 persons compared with 16 and 12 per 100 persons. Rates for black males and females were higher than for white persons



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