•    

    Information Processing Techniques Office, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, August 1988.

  • 3.  

    IBM and AT&T did support some in-house research on packet switching, but at the level of individual researchers. This work did not figure prominently in AT&T's plans for network deployment, nor did it receive significant attention at IBM, though researchers in both organizations published important papers.

  • 4.  

    Ferreiro, Mirna. 1996. "The Past and Future History of the Internet," research paper for International 610. George Mason University, Fairfax, Va., November.

  • 5.  

    Sales figures in this paragraph derive from annual reports filed by the companies cited.

  • 6.  

    Sales revenues as reported in Amazon.com's 1997 Annual Report available online at <http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/subst/misc/investor-relations/1997annual_report.html/>.



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