Sources of Federal Support

Federal funding for research in computer science and electrical engineering has come through several federal agencies whose roles and levels of support have shifted over time. Because of the emphasis it placed on computing as a means of enhancing U.S. military capabilities during the Cold War, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) has long been the largest funder of computing and communications research. Early funding

Figure 3.2

Federal funding for research in electrical engineering, 1971-1995.

Source: NSF (1998b), Tables 25 and 35.

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