TABLE 3.7 Authorship and Source of Financial Support for Computer-related Papers Cited in U.S. Patents Granted in 1993-1994

Number of Acknowledgments per Source of Funding

Sector of Author(s)

Number of Papers Cited

Industry

University

Government

Nonprofit

Foreign

Unknown

Total

NSFa

DARPAa

Industry

345

344

0

31

2

6

7

390

2

2

University

397

113

36

610

11

9

97

876

262

81

Industry and university

82

68

0

82

6

0

2

158

45

4

Government and university

7

4

0

9

0

0

4

17

2

1

TOTAL

831

529

36

732

19

15

110

1,441

311

88

Percent

 

37

3

51

1

1

8

100

22

6

a As a subset of the number acknowledging funding by the federal government.

SOURCE: Based on patent citation, authorship, and funding data provided by Francis Narin and Anthony Breitzman, CHI Research, Inc., Haddon Heights, N.J.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement