Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases

Catharyn T. Liverman, Carolyn E. Fulco, and Howard M. Kipen, Editors

Committee on Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases

Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C. 1998



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Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases Catharyn T. Liverman, Carolyn E. Fulco, and Howard M. Kipen, Editors Committee on Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1998

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Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. The Institute of Medicine was chartered in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to enlist distinguished members of the appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. In this, the Institute acts under both the Academy's 1863 congressional charter responsibility to be an advisor to the federal government and its own initiative in identifying issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. Support for this project was provided by the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, under Contract No. N01-OD-4-2139. The views presented are those of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases and are not necessarily those of the funding organization. International Standard Book No. 0-309-06299-3 Additional copies of this report are available for sale from the National Academy Press, Box 285, 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington, DC 20055. Call (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 in the Washington metropolitan area, or visit the NAP's on-line bookstore at http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 1998 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The image adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is based on a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

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Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases COMMITTEE ON INTERNET ACCESS TO THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE'S TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DATABASES HOWARD KIPEN (Chair), Associate Professor and Director, Division of Occupational Health, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey–Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway JAMES CIMINO, Associate Professor of Medical Informatics in Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York ROBERT COPELAND, JR., Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, D.C. FRED HENRETIG, Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Director, Section of Clinical Toxicology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia EILEEN KRAEMER, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, University of Georgia, Athens LINDA MILGROM, Network Librarian, National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Pacific Northwest Region, University of Washington, Seattle MELANIE MINTZER, Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill CLIFFORD MITCHELL, Assistant Professor, Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland LILLIAN MOOD, Director of Risk Communication and Community Liaison, Environmental Quality Control, South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia KATHLEEN REED, Program Manager and Senior Technical Specialist, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Washington, D.C. BARBARA SATTLER, Director, Environmental Health Education Center, University of Maryland at Baltimore School of Medicine Staff CATHARYN T. LIVERMAN, Study Director CAROLYN E. FULCO, Senior Program Officer SANDRA AU, Project Assistant/Research Assistant KATHLEEN STRATTON, Interim Director, Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

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Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases Acknowledgments The IOM staff and the committee wish to thank National Library of Medicine staff members Jeanne Goshorn, Michael Moore, and Melvin Spann for providing the committee with insight and updates on the TOXNET Web site. We appreciate the input provided by the individuals named in Appendix A who took the time to search TOXNET and to share their thoughts and search experiences with the committee. This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC's Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: Bruce G. Buchanan, University of Pittsburgh; Keith Burkhart, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center; Terry Ann Jankowski, University of Washington; Michael J. Kosnett, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center; Trace Warner, Washington State Department of Health; and M. Donald Whorton, M. Donald Whorton, M.D., Inc., Alameda, Calif. While the individuals listed above have provided constructive comments and suggestions, it must be emphasized that responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

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Internet Access to the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology and Environmental Health Databases Contents     EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   1 1   INTRODUCTION   5     Study Background,   5     Input to the Committee,   7     Overview of the Report,   9 2   ASSESSMENT OF THE CURRENT TOXNET WEB SITE   11     Selecting a Database,   12     Inputting the Search Strategy,   12     Displaying the Search Results,   13     Modifying the Search,   15     Printing or Downloading the Search Results,   15     Other Issues,   16 3   IMPROVING THE TOXNET WEB SITE   17     Integrating TOXNET into the Overall NLM Web Site,   17     Databases,   18     Search Interface,   19     Educational Components,   21     Added Enhancements,   22 4   RAISING AWARENESS: TRAINING AND OUTREACH   25     Training,   25     Outreach,   27     Conclusion,   28     BIBLIOGRAPHY   29     APPENDIXES A   Acknowledgments,   31 B   Search Questions,   33

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