Noncontrolled/Descriptive Studies

Author(s)/Year

Sample Size

Technique/Approach

Follow-up Period

Bergler, 1958

60

Psychoanalytic

not specified

Barker and Miller, 1966

5

Behavioral (aversive therapy)

several months-2 years

Boyd and Bolen, 1970

9

Psychoanalytic (marital group therapy)

end of treatment

Seager, 1970

14

Behavioral (electrical aversion therapy)

1-3 years

Koller, 1972

20

Behavioral (aversive therapy)

6 months-2 years

Moskowitz, 1980

3

Pharmacotreatment (lithium)

not specified

Greenberg and Marks, 1982

7

Behavioral (desensitization)

6 months

Greenberg and Rankin, 1982

26

Behavioral (stimulus control exposure and covert sensitization)

9 months-5 years

Salzman, 1982

4

Behavioral (aversion)

not specified

Russo et al., 1984

60

Multimodal (group therapy, education, Gamblers Anonymous, discharge plan)

1 year

Taber et al., 1987

57

Multimodal (group therapy, education, Gamblers Anonymous, discharge plan)

6 months

Hudak et al., 1989

99 treated (26 followed-up)

Multimodal (education, individual, family and group therapy, communication skills training, specific discharge plan)

4 years

Arribas and Martinez, 1991

4

Cognitive (self-monitoring, exposure, stimulus control, response prevention, cognitive restructuring, family intervention, relapse prevention)

3 and 6 months



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