after taking early retirement from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was Claire Clements Dean's professor of law, jurisprudence, and social policy, a chair he now holds as professor emeritus. For 10 years he was director of the University of California's Center for the Study of Law and Society. At New York University Law School, Skolnick teaches seminars on police and on the regulation of vice and is co-director of the Center for Research in Crime and Justice. Among his best-known books are Justice Without Trial, a study of police in a democratic society; The Politics of Protest, written as director of the Task Force on Violent Protest and Confrontation of the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence; House of Cards, a study of the regulation of casino gambling; The New Blue Line, analyzing community-oriented policing (with David Bayley); and, most recently, Above the Law, a study of police use of excessive force (with James J. Fyfe). He was elected a fellow and is a past president of the American Society of Criminology (1993-1994), and recently (1997) completed a three-year term as chair of the National Research Council's Committee on Law and Justice. Skolnick has a bachelor's degree in economics and philosophy and a PhD in sociology from Yale University.

Ken Winters is director of the Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse and associate professor of psychiatry at the University of Minnesota. He also serves as senior research associate in the Department of Psychiatry at the university. He is a member of the American Psychological Association and is currently the principal investigator or coinvestigator for five projects supported by a variety of research organizations, including the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the Walker Foundation, the National Institute on Responsible Gaming, and the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. His research interests include the assessment and treatment of adolescent drug abuse, root causes of addiction, and problem gambling. His previous experience includes appointments as a research scientists at the State University of New York at Stony Brook and as a staff psychologist at a community mental health center. He has a BA from the University of Minnesota and a PhD in clinical psychology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.

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