Fish born in a given year. (See year class.)
Commercial Fisheries Entry Commission (CFEC):
Agency responsible for tracking and approving the transfer of permits in Alaska's limited entry fisheries. Although primarily responsible for Alaska's salmon and herring limited entry programs, CFEC has participated in evaluating the effects of the Alaskan halibut and sablefish IFQ programs.
Resources such as groundwater, open-access fisheries, or public grazing lands that are held for public use. Common-pool resources have features that make it difficult to exclude others from their use, and one person's use can affect what is available to another person.
Form of resource ownership with a set of well-defined users capable of excluding other potential users and having well-understood rules regarding their rights and obligations with respect to other users and the resource.
community development quota:
Program in Western Alaska under which a percentage of the TAC of Bering Sea commercial fisheries is allocated to specific communities. Communities eligible for this program must be located within 50 miles of the Bering Sea coast, or on an island within the Bering Sea; meet criteria established by the State of Alaska; be a village certified by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act; and consist of residents who conduct more than half of their current commercial or subsistence fishing in the Bering Sea or waters surrounding the Aleutian Islands. These communities cannot have previously developed harvesting or processing capable of substantial participation in the Bering Sea fisheries in order to qualify for the program. Currently, 7.5% of the total allowable catch in the pollock, halibut and sablefish, crab, and groundfish fisheries is allocated to the CDQ program (see Box 4.3).
Date established for defining the pool of potential participants in a given management program. Control dates can establish a range of years during which a potential participant must have been active in a fishery in order to qualify for quota share.
Process whereby improper data reporting and collection procedures from a fishery can result in unrepresentative samples of what is actually being harvested in the fishery (e.g., misreporting of highgrading or bycatch rates). Based on these samples, incorrect inferences may be drawn about the true biological, economic, or social components of the fishery.