ing is characterized by a decreasing proportion of older fish in the fishery and consistently low average recruitment over time.

regional fishery management council:

Eight regional fishery management councils are mandated in the MSFCMA to be responsible for developing fishery management plans for fisheries in federal waters. Councils are composed of voting members from NMFS, state fishery managers, and individuals selected by governors of the coastal states. Nonvoting members include individuals from the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and other federal officials. Regional councils exist for the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, Mid-Atlantic, New England, North Pacific, Pacific, South Atlantic, and Western Pacific regions.

riparian:

Living on or near the bank of a river or lake.

S

 

scientific and statistical committee (SSC): Fishery management advisory body composed of federal, state, and academic scientists that provides scientific advice to a fishery management council.

South Atlantic Fishery Management Council (SAFMC):

One of eight regional councils mandated in the MSFCMA to develop management plans for fisheries in federal waters. The SAFMC develops fishery management plans for fisheries off the coasts of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and the east coast of Florida.

Superexclusive area registration:

A management tool used by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game for some (small) Bering Sea crab fisheries. Participation is open to any vessel, provided that the vessel agrees not to participate in any other crab fishery. Because this tool is applied to crab fisheries with low guideline harvest levels and because participation in the fishery precludes participation in any other Bering Sea crab fisheries, few vessels will choose to participate. Most of the vessels that do choose to participate will be small and local to the fishery.

surf clam/ocean quahog (SCOQ):

Surf clam and ocean quahog IFQ fishery managed by the MAFMC.

surimi:

Protein paste derived from processing raw fish, primarily pollock and whiting. Surimi can be combined with flavoring agents and other substances and extruded to create marketable foodstuffs (e.g., imitation crab meat).

T

total allowable catch (TAC):

Total catch permitted to be caught from a stock in a given period, typically a year. In the United States, this limit is determined



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