Figure G.13

 Participation and season length in the West Yakutat sablefish  fishery from 1984 to 1994, before the introduction of IFQs.

Short seasons have been cited as a contributing factor to the accident rate in the pre-IFQ halibut and sablefish fisheries. In the pre-IFQ fishery, the decision to sit out bad weather often amounted to a decision to sit out the fishing season. Another concern that led to the consideration of IFQs was the perception that exvessel prices for halibut were below what they could be if product deliveries were more distributed throughout the year.

The Environmental Assessment/Regulatory Impact Review identifies ten problems that the ITQ program was intended to address (NPFMC, 1991 a):

  1. Allocation conflicts;
  2. Gear conflicts;
  3. Deadloss due to lost gear;
  4. Bycatch loss of halibut and sablefish in other fisheries;
  5. Discard mortality of halibut, sablefish, and other retainable species in the halibut and sablefish fisheries;
  6. Excess harvesting capacity;
  7. Product wholesomeness as reflected in prices;
  8. Safety;
  9. Economic stability in the fishery and communities; and
  10. Rural coastal community development of a small-boat fishery.

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