A variety of other rationales have been used to justify the development and implementation of IFQs. For example, the surf clam/ocean quahog IFQ program was developed (in part) to reduce administrative and enforcement burdens. The wreckfish IFQ program was developed to try to prevent overcapacity from developing when the fishery was new and seemed to be in the midst of unchecked expansion.
The overall goal of this report is to provide Congress with a comprehensive review and analysis of the use of individual fishing quotas and to recommend national policies on the implementation and use of IFQs, addressing the issues that Congress identified in the Magnuson-Stevens Act (see Appendix A). In Chapter 2, the committee reviews some of the theories and practices of common-pool resource management and the use of the public trust doctrine in managing natural resources. In Chapter 3, the committee evaluates the experiences of IFQ management in federal waters of the United States and abroad. In Chapter 4, the committee examines the alternatives and complements to IFQs used in fisheries management. In Chapter 5, based on the analyses undertaken the committee discusses issues to be considered in developing a national policy on IFQs. Finally, in Chapter 6, the committee presents its findings and recommendations.