4

 

Alternative Conservation and Management Measures

 

112

   

Effectiveness of Fishery Management Measures

 

112

   

Input Controls

 

115

   

Output Controls

 

119

   

Fees and Taxes

 

129

   

Technical Measures

 

131

   

Alternative Management Processes

 

135

5

 

Considerations for a National Policy on Individual Fishing Quotas

 

139

   

First Principles of Fisheries Management as a Policy Framework

 

139

   

Applying the Framework to Questions About Individual Fishing Quotas

 

141

6

 

Findings and Recommendations

 

192

   

General Considerations About Individual Fishing Quotas

 

192

   

Political Structure and Jurisdictional Issues

 

194

   

Designing an IFQ Program to Meet Social and Economic Objectives

 

197

   

Public and Private Costs and Benefits

 

213

   

Research, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Evolution

 

217

 

 

References

 

225

 

 

Appendixes

 

241

   

A Relevant Sections of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act

 

243

   

B Committee Biographies

 

254

   

C Relevant Section from the Shipping Act of 1916

 

257

   

D National Standards in the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act

 

258

   

E History of Changes to the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act

 

260

   

F Acronyms and Glossary

 

265

   

G Individual Fishing Quota Case Studies

 

280

   

H Potential Economic Costs and Benefits of Individual Fishing Quotas to the Nation

 

366

 

 

Index

 

409



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