Click for next page ( 164


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 163
l PASSENGER SUPPLY DATA 151

OCR for page 163

OCR for page 163
t ~ Pl.O lIl~IAY .. . . . 152

OCR for page 163
1 .. .4,, ! 1

OCR for page 163
[and Trnnsporiat~o'' Access to Ports and Marine Ter~n~nals O/JPOrtH~i~ieS and Challenges for Ports After flue I'2'er'?20clal Surface Tra'2sporin~ion Eff cier2cy Act of 1991 (PJ Mode Water, Highway Pl.l Abstract On December I8. 1991. tI,en President Bush signed She ante...! Surface Transportation Effi- ciency Act (ISTEA) of 1991 This landmark legislation provides funding authorization for highways, highway safety, and public transportation for the 1992 to 1997 time period; The ISTEA- explicitly recognizes the need to "improve access to ports and airports, the Nation's link to world commerce." This brochure is the result of joint cooperation between the Maritime Administration and the Federal Highway Administration and it identifies, for the port community, metropolitan planning organizations, and state transportation planners, opportunities within the TSTEA to address specific port-related policies and projects, and provides a strategic focus for insuring that port protects and plans are considered through the metropolitan and statewide planning programs. Source of Data ISI~EA, 1991 Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: U.S. ports Time Span of Data Source: 12/9 I-03/94 First Developed: 03/94 tJ=~-!c Frequency; U,~ir-nowr~ Significant Features/Limitations This is the only brochure Hat attempt to present opportunities to use ISTEA funds for projects other Man just straight highway or transit. The only significant limitation of this report is Hat it was published during He time that many decisions were being made about ISTEA funds and project eligibility under ISTEA. Therefore, the information contained in the brochure is only current as of He date published. It does not include arty subsequent changes or additions as decided after 'ion. Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportation/Maritime Administration/Pederal Highway Administration Availability DOT/Maritime Administration, Office of Port and Intermodal Development, MAR-830, Room 7201, 400 7th Street, SW, Washington, DC, 20590; telephone, (202) 366-4357; fax,(202) 366-6988. 153 . . .. .

OCR for page 163
Actor Carrier Ce'~s`'s (D} Mo~lc I-l igll\~ay Abstract P1.2 {Z-.is system includes the name and address, type and size of operation, commodities transported and all er characteristics of the operation of a~.n.oximately 300,000 motor carriers (truck and bus) and shippers subject to the Federal Motor Carrier SateW Regulation s or Federal Hazardous Materials Regulations. Source of Data Interstate motor carriers are required to submit an identification boron, Form MCS-150, to DOTs FHWA which results in the carrier being registered in the data base system and being issued a USDOT number. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data U.S., Canadian, and Mexican carriers operating in U.S. Time Span of Data Source: Current First Developed: 1979 Update Frequency: Continual Number of Records: ~300,000 File Size: Varies File Format: EBCDIC Media: 9-track Tape, 6250 bpi/1600 bpi .eign~ficat r eat7;reSt~'ml=~G"S On-line data base that is directly accessible by all Office of Motor Carrier Headquarters and field personr.ei. Changes to the data can be made at any time, generally after contact with He motor carrier, i.e., a safety or compliance review, roadside inspection, etc. Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration, Office of Motor Carriers Ava~labili~ The Scientex Corporation, OMC Data Dissemination Program, P.O. Box 13028, Arlington, VA 22219. Price, $275/6250 bpi tape; $375/1600 bpi tape. 154

OCR for page 163
1 National Bridge In~efz,or't (D) Mode Highway P1.3 Abstract Taxis data base is an aggregation of Structure Inventory and Appraised Data collected to fulfill tile requirements of tile National Bridge Inspection Standards. Data includes structure locations, dimensions, and conditions. Source of Data State highway agencies; local bridge owners; federal agency bridge owners. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: 50 states, District of Columbia, P''erto Rico .. Time Span of Data Source: Current tw~year inspection period; archived data;to~ 1980 First Developed: 1979 Update Frequency: Annual Last Update: 04/94 Ilumber of Records: ~700,000 File Size: 280MB File Format: Integrated DBMS Media: Magnetic Tape Significant FeaturesJ[imitations Complete file of all highway bridges open to the public. Data are collected under uniform specif~- cations nationwide with availabilit, of archival data back to 1980. Corresponding Printed Source Recording and Coding Guide for the Structure, Inventory and Appraisal of the Nation's Bridges Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportatior~ederal Highway Administration. Office of Engineering Bridge Division . Availability DOT/FHWA, Office of Public Affairs, HPA-1, 400 7th Street, SW, Room 4207. 20590; telephone, (202) 366-0660; fax, (202) 366-7298. 155 . . . , Washington, DC

OCR for page 163
I`latio~zal HIolf bray I'[anni': Net'~jork S`rnte',oic Higli~voy Corritlor IVel,~.'r (STR`AHNEI~) anal Co~z'?ec~ors (D) Mode I-I inlay Abstract This Acts ~ _ ~_ . . ~. ~., P1.4 ~ It Unto Vie I~ ~ alga representation OI the mayor n~gllway systems, covering some 400,000 miles of Federal, state and ecu-- 'neat! highways The Military Traffic Management Command Transportation Engineering Agency (MTMCTEA) is responsible for the identification OI trios" highways Important to national defense (STRAHNET) and those routes (STRAHNET connectors) that permit access to the national network by individual defense installations. These routes are identified by link attributes in the NHPN developed by the DOT/Federal Highway Administration (see NHPN profile in the FHWA section). Source of Data Initial identification of STRAHNET'~links was through analysis of historical and planned war and peacetime traffic Conr.ectors were identified f om commercial maps and then coordinated with individual ins^~!'ations and t~.~;` respective states. Attributes Geographic Coverage Of Data: Major highway systems in 50 states, D~s~ict of Columbia Time Span of Data Source: Current year First Developed: 1985/NHPN; 1970/STRAHNET Update Frequency: As Required Number of Records: 34,130/nodes; 52,935/linl~s File Size: 60MB File Format: ASCII Media: Diskette, Printed Source Significant Features/Limitations Locational accuracy of the network is appro.~in`^atel`~ A- 1.200 met.ers for those links carrying shape point d",~ Tore S 1 PARAPET and connector networks are now quite stable, witt the next few years. Corresponding Printed Source .Str.~tegic High wa,,' Corridor NDt~}Ork and STRAHNET Connector ^..~as Sponsoring Organization 1 only minor changes expected in Department of Defense/Department of Army, Military T~affic Management Command, Transportation Engineering Agency; DOT/Federal Highway Administration (NHPN); U.S. Forces Command; National Guard Bureau Performing Organization DOT/ Federal H ghway Adm~nistrat~or Availability Identification of STRAHNET links/connectors and printed reports: MTMCTEA, 720 Thimble Shoals Boulevard, S130, Newport News, VA 23606-2475. NHPN data: DOT/FHWA, HHP-22, 400 7th Street, Washington, DC 20590; telephone, (202)366-9223. Price: no charge for data, however, six high density floppy disks must be provided by the customer 156

OCR for page 163
J 1Yn~ic''al Transpo~latio`' A~lm- Data Bases: 1995 (D} Mode Multimodal Abstract P1.5 This compilation of geographic data bases provides tl e infrastructure for national planing and policy itlitiatiicS id' L!,e `} ~ D~?art'TIent of Transportation. Regional information, by state, is available to users as well as the entire national infrastructure. The data bases consist of transporta- tion networks, terminals and other structures, and background boundary and point files. The initial release of tile NTA contains primarily geographic data with very limited transportation attribute data Explicit connections between modes and terminals are not included on this version although tl~e intent is for the NTA data bases to be expanded with tighter quality control in the future Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: U.S. totals, regional, 50 states, District of Columbia FirsIDeveloped: 1994 Update Frequency: Annual File Fort: ASCIT Media: CD-ROM Sponsoring Organization ~ep2=r.~^t Of franspo1 ~ation/~reau of Transportation Statistics Performing Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Vanderbilt University Availability DOTlBureau of Transportation Statistics, 400 7th Street, SW, Room 2104, Washington, DC 20590; telephone, (202) 366-3282; fax, (202) 366-3640 157

OCR for page 163

OCR for page 163
For Further Reference: Section Pll.l . . . Pl2.2 lumber . . 158 214 . .219

OCR for page 163
Plan Nigh way Safely Performance - Fatal and Injury Accider'' Rates on Public Roads in flee U.S. (Pi Mode Highway Abstract The report presents information in the form of tables and charts on the number and rate of fatal accidents, fatalities, non-fatal injury accidents, and non-fatal injuries. Brief commentary and footnotes on He data are also presented. This information is reported annually to Congress by the Secretary of Transportation in accordance with requirements of Section 207 of the Surface Transpor tation Assistance Act of 1982. Source of Data Surveys conducted by each state, Puerto Rico, and U.S. territories. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, U.S. territories Time Span of Data Source: 1982-present First Developed: 1982 Update Frequency: Annual Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportation/Federal Highway A~ninistration, Office of Highway Safety and Information Management Avaiiabiiitr DOT/FHWA, Office of Highway SafeW and Information Management, HHS-12, 400 7th Sheet, SW, Washington, DC 20590; telephone, (202) 366-2178; fax,(202) 366-2249. 211 -

OCR for page 163
For Further Reference: Section P12.3 P12.6 Page Number 212 . . . 220 : ~ e 223

OCR for page 163
P11.0 PERFORMANCE MEASURES 213

OCR for page 163
Pll.l Highway Performance MoniforingSysfem (HPMS) (D) Mode Highway Abstract This system includes universe data consisting of a small amount of information (Iocation, system, operation) for all public road mileage in each state. Additional information on physical characteris- tics, condition, use, and performance for sample roadway sections within the state are included in the sample ant? ~m"!~.~ ~- ~..~^atl~.~.`l1~ .~ . All.' -_'=- a! and collector functional system for rural, small urban, and urbanized areas. Areawide data, consisting of accident data, system length and travel by functional system, and travel activity by vehicle type are also reported in summary form. Accident data contains summary statistics on fatal and non-fatal injury accidents. Starting with 1993 data, Me rural minor collection system is no longer sampled. In addition, the areawide and data file include length and travel information for NAAQS nonattainment areas. Source of Data State inventory, sampling, and surveys are conducted by state highway agencies with Me help of ~. ~,.f~rr~-~v<~ ~' ;;1^^,Nin.g.^ra:,nizations. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, limited data from U.S. territories Time Span of Data Source: 197S, 19X0-1993 First Developed: 1978 Update Frequency: Annual Last Update: 1993 Number of Records: ~3.3 million universe/year including IlS,000 sample section records/1992; 1 10,000/1993 File Size:~56SMB File Format: ASCII, EBCDIC, LOTUS (areawide) Media: 9-track Tape, Diskette, Printed Source (areawide and reports) Significant Features/Limitations Sample data only for collector through interstate functional systems. Starting with 1993 data, the rural minor collection system is no longer sampled. Corresponding Printed Source Highway Statistics knot inclusive of ail natal Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration, Office of Highway information Management Availability DOT/F~w~ ~:_- of =~ -a-.- `~'i' !' -~-~;~;eiiie~r, - ~-;30, 400 7th Street, SW, Washington, DC 20590; telephone (202) 366:0175; fax,(202) 366-7742. Price $30-$150 and up for non-government agencies; price varies depending upon amount and coverage desired. 2~14

OCR for page 163
P12.0 SYSTEM IMPACTS 217

OCR for page 163
Pl2.1 Annual Vehicle-Miles of Travel and Related Data (VM-I) (D) Mode Highway Abstract Table VM-1 shows the estimated Vehicle Miles of Travel ~MT) fo. the current year and revised figures for the previous year by passenger cars, buses, and trucks on the rural Interstate System, other rural arterial roads, other rural roads, urban Interstate System, and other urban streets. VM-] also shows the number of vehicles registered by type and by total fuel consumption. Also included are the calculated average annual miles of travel, average miles travelled per gallon, and average fuel consumption for each vehicle type. In addition, Table VM-1 provides the FHWA estimates of person-miles of travel. Source of Data The rural and urban sweet categories are based on a summery of highway functional systems contained in Table VM-2 of Highway Statistics. Other Highway Statistics resources are Tables MF- 21 and MV-] for fuel consumption and vehicle registration figures. Also referenced are the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS9, the Truck Inventory arid Use Survey (TIES), and the report, National Trcmsportation Statistics. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: U.S. totals Time Span of Data Source: 1936-present First Developed: 1936 Update Frequency: Annual Last Update: 1992 Number of Records: 28/year File Size:~llKB/year . File Format: LOTUS Media: FHWA Electronic Bulletin Board System (FEBBS), Diskette, Printed Source Corresponding Printed Source Highway Statistics Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration, Office of Highway Inforr~ation Management Availability DOT/FHWA, Office of Highway Information Management, HPM-30, 400 7th Sweet, SW, Washing ton, DC 20590; telephone, (202) 366-5052; fax, (202) 366-7742; FEBBS, (202) 366-3764. 218 . . . ..

OCR for page 163
P12.2 National Nigh way Planning Network Version 2.0 f~HPN-V2.D) (D) Mode Highway Abstract The NHPN-V2.0 is a data base of the major highways in the U.S. It is a foundation for analytic studies of highway performance, vehicle routing and scheduling problems, and mapping purposes. The NHPN-V2.0 is based on the U.S. Geological Survey's I:l,000,000 Digital Line Graphs (DEG). Some urban links were digitized Dom state-supplied maps to assure up-to-date alignments. The NHPN-V2.0 contains verified transportation attributes, such as sign route, FHWA National Highway System flags, and DOT/FHWA fi~nctionai classification codes. It also contains unverified attributes such as number of lanes, degree of access control, and median type. Source of Data U.S. Geological Survey's digital line graphs and the state supplied maps. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: Major U.S. highways Time Span of Data Source: Real-Time FirsiDeve~oped: 1985 Update Frequency: Annual Number of Records: ~] 14,000 File Size: ~} lOMB File Format: ASCII Media: Internet, CD-ROM, Smm tape Significant Features/Limitations Values for most of the attributes are rough estimates. A project is underway to add Highway Perfo`~ance Monitoring System (HEMS) da-ta to He NHPN-V2.0. The HEMS data will replace/update the current attributes. Corresponding Printed Source National Higirwc~y Planning Network (Version 2. OJ: Description, Schema, anc[File Structures Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration, Office of Environment and Planning Performing Organization University of Tennessee Transportation Center Availability DOT/FHWA, Office of Environment and Planning, HEP-11, Room 3301, 400 7th Sweet, SW, Wash- ington, DC 20590; telephone, (202) 366-9223; fax, (~02) 366-~4v0. Tile data is available through internet (depository.dot.gov). The data is located in subdirectory /PUB/FHWA/GIS. Anonymous logins are suppo - ~. f`~-ROh] available while supplies last. There is no charge for copying the data to Smm tape, however the customer must supply the Smm tape. 219

OCR for page 163
P12.3 National Information Managemer't System FLIMSY and fl`e Cenlrn Trawl c Database (CTDB) (D) Mode Highway Abstract The National Information Management System (NIMS) managed under FHWA's long-term pavement performance (LTPP) studies now includes actual traffic data collected at monitored general pavement studies sites. The data covers traffic and truck volumes, weight distributions of axle groups by vehicle type, and equivalent single-axle load estimates. The infonnation is based on vehicle counts collected at more than 470 pavement study sites and vehicle weights measured at nearly 400 sites. The raw data are stored in the Central Traffic Database (CTDB), which includes hourly vehicle counts,.individual vehicle weight records, daily vehicle totals, and axle group distributions. The information is then evaluated, filtered, and summarized for inclusion in NIMS. Source Vehicle counts collected at more than 470 general pavement study sites and vehicle weights at nearly 400 sites. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Datm: 48 states and provinces. Time Span of Data Source: 1990-1993 First Developed: 1995 File format: ASCH, Microso* Excel, SAS Media: 90-mm (3.5-inch) diskettes, QIC-80 tapes, or hard-copy printouts. Sponsoring Organization DOT, Federal Highway Administration Availability DOT/Federal Highway Administration, 6300 Georgetown Pike, HNR-30, McLean, VA 22101-2296; telephone, (703) 285- 2514; fax, (703) 285-2767. 220

OCR for page 163
P12.4 Section 15 Reporting System (D) Mode Multimodal, Transit Abstract Section 15 of the Federal Transit Act (FT Act), provides for the establishment of a uniform system of accounts and records plus a reporting system for one collection me: d `dissemination of data on public mass transit. The Section IS data base contains detailed financial and operating data, including information on capital expenditures, revenues, expenses, vehicle inventories, employees, maintenance, energy, and safely and modal data on transit service supplied and consumed for over ~0 report years. Data are provided for over 500 systems, including systems operated by transit authorities, states, city departments, and private operators under contract to public agencies. Source of Data The data base contains financial and operating data filed annually by Section IS reporters. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: Not applicable, arranged by operator Tune Span of Data Source: Current year First Developed: 1978 Update Frequency: Annual Number of Records: Not available File Size: ISMB File Format: Various formats Media: 9-Track Tape, Diskette, Printed Source Corresponding Printed Source Section 15 Annual Report - Data Tables Transit Profiles: Agencies in Areas Exceeding 200,000 Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportation/Federal Transit Administration, Audit Review and Analysis Division Performing Organization DOT/Research and Special Programs Administration/VolDe National Tran~nort~tinn .'~v~t~m~ Mentor (RSPA/Volpe Center3/Service Assessment Division --rid ~^ ~-a ~ ~ Availability Tapes/Diskettes: DOT/RSPAJVolpe Center, Service Assessment Division, 55 Broadway, Cambridge, MA 02142; telephone, (202) 494-3459. Publications: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402; telephone, (202) 512-0018. 221

OCR for page 163
P12.5 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 15 (P) Mode Multimodal Abstract This publication is a statistical compendium containing over 200 pages of tables and figures. II is designed for use as a desk-top reference The data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information Mat characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. Source of Data Collected from various published and unpublished sources. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: U.S. totals, Japan, France, Italy, Sweden, United Kingdom, West Germany, Canada Time Span of Data Source: 1970-present First Developed: 1976 U7pdate Frequency: Annual Last Update: 1995 Sponsoring Organization Department of Ener~r/Office of Transportation Technologies Performing Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Availability Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Bldg. 5500A, MS 6366, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 6366, telephone, (615) 574-5957; fax, (615) 574-3851. 222

OCR for page 163
P12.6 Transporinlion Slat~sticsAnnuaI Report 1994 Mode Multimodal Abstract The first edition report is a summary of the state of the transportation system and its consequences, Me quality of statistics used to characterize the transportation system, and planned efforts by the U.S. Department of Transportation's Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) to improve the quality of the statistics. The report includes sections on system performance, costs, safety, energy and the environment, and the future of transportation. Source Various Federal government and private transportation data sources. Attributes Geographic Coverage of Data: U.S. Time Span of Data Source: 1960-1992 First Developed: 1993 Update Frequency: annual Significant Features/Limitations Sli~ml;mar~s -venous nations! m~-''tmnod~ ~'s-~tat~o,~ statistics ,n one convenient source. Sponsoring Organization Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics Availability DOT/Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 400 7th Street, SW, Room 2104, Washington, DC 20590; telephoner (202) 366 DATA; fax, (202) 366-3640. 223