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REFERENCES "The AASHTO Road Test", (1962), Report 6, Highway Research Board, Special Report 61F, National Research Council, Publication 955. 2. Barksdale, R.D., (1971), "Compressive Stress Pulse Times in Flexible Pavements for use in Dynamic Testing", Highway Research Record 345, Highway Research Board. 3. Monismith, C.~., (1989), "Resilient Modulus Testing: Interpretation of Laboratory Results for Design Purposes", Proceedings of the Workshop on Resilient Modulus Testing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Uzan, I., (1985), "Characterization of Granular Materials", TRB, No. 1022, Symposium on Mechanics of Granular Materials, pp. 52-59. 5. Duncan, EM., and Seed, R.B., (1986), "Compaction-Induced Earth Pressures Under Ko Conditions", ASCE, Vol. 112, No. 1, January, pp. 1-23. 6. Allen, I.~. and Thompson, M.R., (19743, "Resilient Response of Granular Materials Subjected to Time-Dependent Lateral Stresses", Transportation Research Board, TRR No. 510, pp. 1-13. Selig, E.T., (1987), "Tensile Zone Effects on Performance of Layered Systems", Geotechnique, Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 247-254. 8. Nijboer, L.W. (1957), "Einige Betrachtungen uber das MarshalIverfabren zur Untersuchung bituminoser Massen", St4asse und Autobahn S. 9. Heukelom W. and Klomp, A.~.G. (1964), Road Design and Dynamic Loading", Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 33. 10. McLeod, N.W. (1967), "The Asphalt Institute's Layer Equivalency Program", Asphalt Institute, College Park, MD, Res. Series 15. Van der Poet, C. (1954), "A General System Describing He Visco-Elastic Properties of Bitumens and Its Relation to Routine Test Data", KoninklijkeJShell Laboratorium, Amsterdam, Shell Biitumen Rept. 9. 12. CIaessen, A.~.M. and others (1977), Asphalt Pavement Design: The Shell Method", Proceedings, 4th International Conference on He Structure Design of Asphalt Pavements, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 13. Kallas, B.F., and Shook, ].F. (1969), "Factors Influencing Dynamic Modulus of Asphalt Concrete", Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 38. 286

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14. Witczak, M.W. (1978), "Development of Regression Mode! for Asphalt Concrete Modulus for Use in MS-! Study", Research Report, University of Maryland, College Park. 15. 16. Miller, I.S., Uzan, I., and Witczak, M.W. (1983), UModification of the Asphalt Institute Bituminous Mix Modulus Predictive Equation", Transportation Research Record 91 I, Transportation Research Board. Monismith, C.~. (1989), "Resilient Modulus Testing: Interpretation of Laboratory Results for Design Purposes", Proceedings of He Workshop on Resilient Modulus Testing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 17. Wallace, K. and Monismith, Cab. (1980), ~Diametral Modulus Testing on Nonlinear Pavement Materials", Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 49, Louisville, Kentucky. I8. DehIen, G.~. (1969), The effect of Nonlinear Material Response on the Behavior of Pavements Subjected to Traffic Loads~, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, CA. 19. 20. Tangella, S.C.S.R., Craus, I., Deacon, I.A., and Monismith, C.~. (1990), "Summary Report on Fatigue Response of Asphalt MLxturesn, TM-UCB-A 003A-89-3, Prepared for Strategic Highway Research Program Project A 003-A, University of California at Berkeley, California. Goetz, W.H. and Schaub, I.H. (1959), UTriaxial Testing of Bituminous Mixtures", Bituminous Paving Materials - ASTM STP 252, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. 21. Kennedy, T.W. and Hudson, W.R. (196X), UApplication of Indirect Tensile Test to Stabilized Materials", Annual Highway Research Board Meeting, ~968. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. Von Quintus, H.~., Scherocman, I., and Hughes, C. (1989), UAsphalt-Aggregate Mixture Analysis System: Philosophy of the Concepts, Asphalt Concrete Mix Design: Development of More Rational Approaches, ASTM STP 1041, W. Gartner, Jr., Ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. Schmidt, R.~. (1972), HA Practical Method for Measuring the Resilient Modulus of Asphalt Treated Mixes", Highway Research Record 404, Highway Research Board. Baladi, G.Y. and Harichandran, R.S. (1989), Asphalt Mix Design and the Indirect Test: A New Horizon", Asphalt Concrete Mix Design: Development of More Rational Approaches, ASTM STP 1041, W. Gartner, Ir., Ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. Kennedy, T.W. (1977), Characterization of Asphalt Pavement Materials Using He indirect Tensile Test", Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 46, San Antonio, Texas. Fairhurst, C.E., Kim, Y.R., and Khosla, N.P. (1990), "Resilient Modulus Testing of Asphalt Specimens in Accordance with ASTM D 4123-82", Proceedings, RILEM Fourth International Symposium, Budapest, Hungary, October. 287

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27. SHRP Protocol P07, Resilient Modulus of Asphalt Concrete" (1992), Long Term Pavement Performance Program Directive M-l, November I, 1992. 28. Rogue, R. and Ocular, W.G. (1992), UThe Development of a Measurement and Analysis System to Accurately Determine Asphalt Concrete Properties using the Indirect Tensile Modes, Draft for Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Annual Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina. 29. Bonnaure, F.P., Huibers, ASH and Boonders, A. (1982), HA Laboratory Investigation of the Influence of Rest Periods on the Fatigue Characteristics of Bituminous Mixes", Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 5l, Kansas City, Missouri. 30. Terrel, R.~., Awad, I.S., and Foss, L.R. (1974), Techniques for Characterizing Bituminous Materials using a Versatile Triaxial Testing System", ASTM STP No. 561, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. 3 ~ . Cochran, G.R. (1989), Minnesota Deparunent of Transportation Experience with Laboratory MR Testing", Proceedings of the Workshop on Resilient Modulus Testing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 32. Vinson, T.S. (1989), "Fundamentals of Resilient Modulus Testing", Proceedings of the Workshop on Resilient Modulus Testing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 33. McGee, N. (1989), "Laboratory MR Investigation of 2331 Mix", Proceedings of the Workshop on Resilient Modulus Testing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 34. Shah, K.A. (1993), "Laboratory Determination of Resilient Modulus of Asphalt Concrete", M.S. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, Norm Carolina State University, May. 35. Huang, Y.H. (1993), Pavement Analysis and Design, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, p. 317-318. 36. Seed, H.B., and H.W.N. Fead, (1959), "Apparatus for Repeated Loading Tests on Soils", American Society for Testing Materials, STP No. 254, Philadelphia, pp. 78-87. 37. Terrel, R.~., Awad, I.S., and Foss, L.R., (1974), "Techniques for Characterizing Bituminous Materials using a Versatile Triaxial Testing Systems, Fatigue and Dynamic Testing of Bituminous Mixtures, ASTM STP No. 561, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. 38. Barksdale, R.D., (1972), "Laboratory Evaluation of Rutting in Base Course Materialsn, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on He Strucuural Design of Asphalt Pavements", London, England, Vol. I, pp. 161-174. 39. Bishop, A.W., and Wesley, L.D., (1975), "A Hydraulic Triaxial Apparatus for Controlled Stress Pam Testing", Geotechnique, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 657~70. 40. Woods, R.D. (1978), "Measurement of Dynamic Soil Properties", Proceedings, ASCE Geotechnical Engineering Division Specialty Conference, Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, Pasadena, CA., June. 288

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McDonald, L.M., and Raymond, G.P., (1984), "Repetitive Load Testing: Reversal or Rotation", Canadian Geotechnical journal, Vol. 2l, pp. 456474. 42. Ansell, P., and Brown, S.F., (1975), ~ The Effect of Cyclic Shear Stresses on Granular Material", Research Report Submitted to British Rail and Transportation Research and Road Laboratory (TRLL), University of Nottingham. 43. Arthur, I.R.F., Bekenste~n, S., Germaine, I.T., and Ladd, C.C., (1981), "Stress Path Tests with Controlled Rotation of Principal Stress Directions", Laboratory Shear Strength of Soil, ASTM STP 740, pp. 516-540. 44. Thom, N.H. and Dawson, A.R., (1989), "The Permanent Deformation of a Granular Material Modelled Using Hollow Cylinder Testing", Transportation Research Board, Paper presented at He 6Sth Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C. 45. lamiolkowski, M., Ladd, C.C., Germaine, I.T., and Lancellotta, R., (1985), "New Development in Field and Laboratory Testing of Soils", Proceedings, Il~ International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. I, San Francisco, pp. 57-154. 46. May, R.W., and Witczak, M.W., (1981), "Effective Granular Modulus to Mode! Pavement Responses", Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record No. 810, Washington, D.C., pp. I-9. 47. Elliot, R.P., and David. L., (1989), "Improved Characterization Mode] for Granular Bases", TRB, Record No. 1227, pp. 128-133. 48. Brown, S.F., and Pappin, ].W., (1981), "Analysis of Pavements with Granular Materials", In Transportation Research Board Record 810, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 23-33. 49. Witczak, M.W., and Uzan, I., (1988), "The Universal Airport Pavement Design System, Report ~ of IV: Granular Material Characterization", University of Maryland. 50. Pezo, R.F., (1993), "A General Method of Reporting Resilient Modulus Tests of Soils, A Pavement Engineer's Point of View", Paper presented at 72nd Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting, January. 51. Itani, S.Y., and Barksdale, R.D., (1990), "Evaluation of Resilient and Rutting Characteristics of Selected Materials", Research Project E20~35, Final Report, Georgia Institute of Technology. 52. Boyce, I.R., (1976), "The Behavior of a Granular Material under Repeated Load", Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nottingham. 53. louve, P., Martinez, I., Paute, A , and Ragneau, E., (1987), "Rational Mode! for He Flexible Pavement Defonnations", International Conference on the Structural Design of Asphalt Pavements. 54. Thom, N.H., (1988), "Design of Road Foundations", Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England. 289

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55. Crockford, W.W., Bendana, L.J., Yang, W.S., Rhee, S.K., and Senadheera, S.P., (1990), "Modeling Stress and Strain States in Pavement Structures Incorporating Thick Granular Layers", The Texas Transportation Institute, College Station, Texas. 56. Elliott, R.P., and Thompson, M.R., (1985), "Mechanistic Design Concepts for Conventional Flexible Pavements", Civil Engineering Studies, Transportation Engineering Series No. 42, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 57. Li, D., and Selig, E.T., (1994), "Resilient Modulus for Fine-Grained Subgrade Soils"? Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Proceedings of ASCE, Vol. 120, No. 6, June, pp. 939-957. 58. Brown, S.F., (1979), "The Characterization of Cohesive Soils for Flexible Pavement Design", Proceedings, 7th European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. 2, pp. 15-22. 59. Brown, S.F., Louch, S.C., and O'Reilly, M.P., (1987), "Repeated Loaded Loading of Fine Grained Soils", TRRL Contractors Report, CR72, School of Civil Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England. 60. Thompson, M.R., and Robnett, Ah., (1979), "Resilient Properties of Subgrade Soils", Transportation Engineering Journal, January, pp. 71-89. 61. Brown, S.F., and Hyde, A.F.~., (1975), "Significance of Cyclic Confining Stress in Repeated Load Triaxial Testing of Granular Material", Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record No. 537, Washington, D.C., pp. 49-58. 62. Khedr, S., (1985), "Deformation Characteristics of Granular Base", Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record 1043, pp. 131-138. 63. Shakel, B., (1973), "Changes in Soil Suction in a Sand-Clay Subject to Repeated Triaxial Loading", Highway Research Board, Highway Research Record No. 429, pp. 29-39. 64. Sweere, G.T.H., (1990), Unbound Granular Bases for Roads", Ph.D. Thesis, Technical University of Delft, Delft, Netherlands, September. 65. SHRP, (1989), "Resilient Modulus of Unbound Granular Base/Subbase Materials and Subgrade Soils", Proto co! P46, Strategic Highway Research Program, Federal Highway Administration (formerly Transportation Research Board), Washington, D.C., November. 66. Rowe, P.W., and garden, L., (19463, "Importance of Free Ends in Triaxial Testing", ASCE, Vol. 90, SMI. 67. Morgan, I.R., (19663, "The Response of Granular Materials to Repeated Loading", Proceedings, Third Conference, Australian Road Research Board, Sydney, pp. ~ 178-! 192. 68. Clayton, C.R.~., and Khatrush, S.A. (1987), "A New Device for Measuring Local Axial Strains on Triaxial Specimens, Geotechnique, Vol. 36, No. 4, p. 593-597. 290

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69. Filho, Costa L. de M., (1985), "Measurement of Axial Strains in Triaxial Tests on London Clay", Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 8, No. 1, March, pp. 3-13. 70. Burland, J.B., and Symes, M., (1982), "A Simple Axial Displacement Gauge for Use in the Triaxial Apparatus", Geotechnique, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 62~5. 71. Baldi, G., Hight, D.W., and Thomas, G.E., (1988), "A Re-evaluation of Conventional Triaxial Test Methods", Advanced Triaxial Testing of Soil and Rock, ASTM STP 9777, Robert T. Donoghe, Ronald C. Chaney, and Marshall L. Silver, Eds., American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, pp. 219-263. 72. Pezo, R.F., Claros, F., et al., (1992), "Development of a Reliable Resilient Modulus Test for Subgrade and Nongranular Subbase Materials for Use in Routine Pavement Design", University of Texas at Austin. 73. Pezo, R.F., Kim, D-S., Stokoe, K.H., and Hudson, W.R., (1991), "Developing a Reliable Resilient Modulus Testing System", Paper prepared for presentation at the Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting. 74. Thompson, M.R., and Smith, Kid., (1990), "Repeated Triaxial Characterization of Granular Materials", Transportation Research Board, Paper prepared for He 69th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C. Thompson, M.R., (1989), "Factors Affecting the Resilient Moduli of Soils and Granular Materials", Proceedings of the Workshop on Resilient Modulus Testing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 76. Black, B.K., and Lee, K.~., (1973), "Saturating Laboratory Samples by Back Pressure", Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, Proceedings of ASCE, Vol. 99, No. SMI, January, pp. 76-93. 77. ASTM, (1992), "Standard Practice for Conducting and InterIaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test", Designation E691-92, American Society for Testing and Materials. 78. Palmer, K., (1993), "Modeling of Resilient Modulus Test Results a, School of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, August. 79. Kalcheff, I.V., and Hicks, R.G., (1973), "A Test Procedure for Determining He Resilient Properties of Granular Materials", Journal of Testing Evaluation, JTEVA, Vol. 1, No. 6, pp. 472 479. 80. Kim, Dong-Soo, and Drabbk~n, S., (1994), "Accuracy Improvement of External Resilient Modulus Measurements Using Specimen Grouting to End Platens", Transportation Research Record 1462, pp. 65-71. 81. Barksdale, R.D., and Itani, S.Y., "Influencing of Aggregate Shape on Base Behavior" Transportation Research Board, Record No. 1227, pp. 173-182. 291

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Ill. Thompson, M.R., (19943, "BE-Pave Based Thickness Design Concepts and Practices for Surface Treatment Pavements I, Proceedings, the Fourth International Conference on the Rearing ~nnncilv of Roads and Airfields, Minneapolis, MN, July. ~ --r~~~~~ AASHTO Interim Method of Test, "Resilient Modulus of Subgrade Soils and Untreated Base/Subbase Materials", AASHTO Designation: T292-91l, American Association of State Highway Officials, Washington, D.C. 113. AASHTO Provisional Standard, (1994), Standard Test Method for Determining the Resilient Modulus of Soils and Aggregate Materials~, AASHTO Designation: TP46, American Association of State Highway Officials, Washington, D.C., September. AASHTO, (19863, "AASHTO Guide for Design of Pavement Structures, Volume 1 and Volume 2~, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., August. Tabatabaee, N., Sebaaly, P., and Anderson, D.A., (1993), "Field Performance of Selected Pavement Instrumentations, Paper submitted for Presentation at the 72nd Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting, January. 116. Noureldin, A.S., (1993), "Influence of Stress Levels and Seasonal Variations on the In-Situ Pavement Layered Properties", Draft of Paper Submitted for Presentation at the 73rd Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting, January, 1994. 117. Barksdale, R.D., and Miller, ].H., (1977), "Development of Equipment and Techniques for Evaluating Fatigue and Rutting Characteristics of Asphalt Concrete Mixes", School of Civil Engineering, GDOT Project 7305, Final Report, June. 118. Woolstrum, G., (1990), Dynamic Testing of Nebraska Soils and Aggregates~, Record 127S, Transportation Research Board. 119. Pezo, R.F., and Hudson, W.R., (1995), Prediction Models of Resilient Modulus for Non Granular Materials", ASTM STP 1213, American Society for Testing Materials, Philadelphia, PA. 120. Santha, L.B., (1994), "Resilient Modulus of Subgrade Soils: Comparison of Two Constitutive Equationsn, Transportation Research Record 1462, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., December, pp. 79-90. 121. Drumm, E.C., Boateng-Poku, Y., and Pierce, TJ., (1990), "Estimation of Subgrade Resilient Modulus from Standard Tests I, Journal of He Geotechnical Division of ASCE, Vol. 116, No. 5, May. 122. Elliott, R.P., and Thornton, So., (1988), "Simplification of Subgrade Resilient Modulus Testing", Transportation Research Record No. ~ 192, Transportation Research Board. 123. Burczyk, I.M., Ksa~bati, R., Anderson-Sprecha, R., (1994), "Factors Influencing Determination of a Subgrade Resilient Modulus Valve", Transportation Research Record 1462, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., pp. 72-78. 294