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Appendix B - Sources for Cross-Sectional Dataset Table B-1. Sources for 1990 Data -~Category - ~ ~ ~ ~Variable ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Source ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Mode shares and occupancy US Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Journey-to-Work CD-ROM. Vehicle miles traveled ~ Population and Households 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Summary Tape File 3C Part 1. . Workers not Working at Home MSA: 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Summary Tape File 3C . Part 1. . Suburbs: computed as total number of people reporting not working at home and with residence in suburbs in 1990 Census Journey-to-Work ~ data described above. [ Central City: computed as the difference between MSA workers and suburban workers. [ Labor force Civilian labor force and Slater, C. M. and Hall G. E., 1992 County and City Extra, Table B. l Unemployment (MSA) Lantham (MD), Bernan Press, 1992. Employed labor force MSA: Civilian labor force minus unemployment l Central City: US Bureau of the Census, County and City Data Book l 1994, Table C. l Employment MSA: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, ~ Employment, Hours, and Earnings, States andAreas 1988-94. l Central City: estimated as the total people reporting that they worked in a Income MSA 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Summary Tape File 3C Part 1. Central City median household US Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, ~ income Table 3. l Central City % households US Bureau of the Census, County and City Data Book 1994, Table C. with income >$75,000, l <$15,000 1 Private vehicle availability MSA: 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Summary Tape File SC | Part 1. 1 Central City: US Bureau of the Census, County and City Data Book 1994, | Table C. I Private vehicle Congestion Index Texas Transportation Institute, Urban Roadway Congestion - 1982 to l level of service 1992, Volume 1: Annual Report, Research Report 1 131 -7 Average commute trip time US Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, and % of commutes > 45 Census Summary Tape File 3C, Part 1. minutes ll Parking costs Unpublished data compiled by Charles River Associates under contract to ill UMTA, and informal survey by Charles River Associates of three centrally | located parking garages in each city. Rates are average daily rates based on monthly pass rate if available. State gasoline tax US Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 1993, Table 1015. Average gasoline price Oil and Gas Journal Energy Database, Table D33. Central city Highway spending US Bureau of the Census, City and County Data Book 1994, Table C. per capita Freeway miles per square mile Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics COO, Tables HM-71 and total freeway miles _ _ ~ HOV lane miles Texas Transportation Institute, A Description of High-Occupancy Vehicle Facilities in North America, Final Report, prepared for the Office of Planning, Urban Mass Transportation Administration (July 1990).

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B ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ it/ ~ ~ ~ s ~ ~ l l / l ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ l ~ ~ ~ ~ I ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - ~ ~ i- ~ ~ ~ alla ~ r a : : :: : :::: ::: : : : : Category ~ ~ ~ ~ -I If: :~ ~ ~ Variable ~ Aft: ~ ~:~: ~ ~ ~ ~-~-~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Source ~ ~ :~ ~ : Transit level of Peak transit fare Data supplied by American Public Transit Association from 1990 Transit service Fare Summary. Other Federal Transit Administration, Section 15 Reports, Tables 3.16.1, 3.18.1, and 3.19.1. Land Use Land area MSA: US Bureau of the Census, State and Metropolitan Area Data Book 1991, Table A. Federal Aid Urbanized Area: Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 1990, Table HM-71. Other MSA: US Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Summary Tape File 3C, Part 1. Central City: US Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Table 3. Demographics % female head of household US Bureau of the Census, City and County Data Book 1994, Table C. Other US Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Table 3. Miscellaneous Annual precipitation US Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Table 3. Average January temperature US Bureau of the Census, City and County Data Book 1994, Table C. Departure time to work MSA: US Bureau of the Census, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Summary Tape File 3C, Part 1. Table B-1. Sources for 1990 Data (can't.) B-2

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Table B-2. Sources for 1980 Data Data ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - ~ ~ ~ Source Mode shares and occupancy US Bureau of the Census, 1980 Census of Population, Vol. 2, Subject Reports, Ch. 6D, Journey-to-Work: Characteristics of Workers in Metropolitan Areas, 1984. . Vehicle miles traveled Unpublished data compiled and supplied by the Federal Highway Administration from HPMS Areawide Mileage and Related Data. Population and Households 1980 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics, Table 14. Workers not Working at Home Computed as total number of people reporting not working at home and with residence in suburbs in 1980 Census Journey-to-Work data described above. Employment MSA: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours, and Earnings, States and Areas 1972-87. Central City: estimated as the total people reporting that they worked in a central city in the 1980 Census Journey-to-Work data described above. Income US Bureau of the Census, Metropolitan Area Data Book, 1986, Table A. Vehicle availability 1980 Census of Population, Detailed Housing Characteristics, Table 74. Private vehicle level of Congestion Index Texas Transportation Institute, Urban Roadway Congestion - 1982 to service 1992, Volume 1: Annual Report, Research Report 1131-7 (1982 Figure used) Average gas price US Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, unleaded regular gasoline series by metropolitan area. Freeway miles/sq. mile Unpublished data compiled and supplied by the Federal Highway and total freeway miles Administration from HPMS Areawide Mileage and Related Data. HOV lane miles Texas Transportation Institute, A Description of High-Occupancy Vehicle Facilities in North America, Final Report, prepared for the Office of Planning, Urban Mass Transportation Administration (July 1990~. Transit level of service Peak transit fare Data supplied by American Public Transit Association. Other Federal Transit Administration, Section 15 Reports, Tables 3.07.1 and 3.17.1 and 3.19.1. Land Use Fed. Aid UA land area Unpublished data compiled and supplied by the Federal Highway Administration from HPMS Areawide Mileage and Related Data. % one unit in structure US Bureau of the Census, Metropolitan Area Data Book, 1986, Table A. % suburb-suburb Federal Highway Administration, Journey-to-Work Trends in the United _ _ commute States and Its Major Metropolitan Areas 1960-1990, Table 4-12. B-3

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