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REFERENCES I . A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways arm Streets. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (1990) 1087 pp. 2. "Proposed Design Guidelines for Improving Pavement Surface Drainage." The Pennsylvania Transportation Institute, The Pennsylvania State University (19981. 3. GalIaway, B. M., Schiller, R. E., and Rose, I. G., "The Effects of Rainfall Intensity, Pavement Cross Slope, Surface Texture, and Drainage Length on Pavement Water Depths. Federal Highway Administration Research Report No. 38-5 (1971) 69 pp. 4. Galiaway, B. M., Ivey, D. L., Hayes, G. G., Ledbetter, W. G., Olson, R. M., Woods, D. L., and Schiller, R. E., "Pavement arid Geometric Design Criteria for Minimizing Hydroplaning." Federal Highway Administration Report No. FHWA-RD-79-31 (1979) 278 pp. 5. Highway Drainage Guidelines. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (1992) 250 pp. 6. Hydraulic Design of Highway ClclYens, Hydraulic Design Series No. 5, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-IP-85-15 (19851. 131

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7. Jens, S. W., Design of Urban Highway Drainage." Federal Highway Administration Report No. FHWA-TS-79-225 (August 1979) 272 pp. 8. Johnson, F. L. and Chang, F. M., Drainage of Highway Pavements. Federal Highway Administration Report No. FHWA-TS-84-202 (March 1984) 136 pp. 9. Huddleston, I. J., Zhou, H. and Hicks, R. G., "Performance Evaluation of Open-Graded Asphalt Concrete Mixtures Used in Oregon." Asphalt Paving Technology, Vol. 60 (March 1991) pp. 19-43. 10. Open-Graded Friction Courses for Highways." National Cooperative Highway Research Program Synthesis No. 49 (1978) 50 pp. 1 1 . Brown, J. R., impervious Bitumen-Macadam Surfacings Laid to Reduce Splash and Spray at Stonebridge, Warwickshire.~ Transportation and Road Research Laboratory Report No. ER 563 (1973) 23 pp. 12. Zwan, I. T. van der, Goeman, T., Gruis, H. I., Swart, I. H., and Oldenburger, R. H. Porous Asphalt Wearing Courses in the Netherlands: State of He Art Review. Porous Asphalt Pavements: An International Perspective, Transportation Research Record 1265 (19~) pp. 95-~10. 132

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13. Isenring, T., Koster, H., and Scazziga, I., "Experiences With Porous Asphalts in SwitzerIand." Porous Asphalt Pavements: AL Ir~ternatio7zaZ Perspective, Transportation Research Record 1265 (1990) pp. 41-53. 14. Heystraeten, G. van, The Winter Behaviour of Porous Asphalt in Belgium. Marrakech XIXth World Road Congress, PIARC Technical Committees on Flexible Roads and Surface Characteristics, Workshop on Pervious Macadam, Proc. (September 1991) pp. 289-291. 15. TaTirz, H., Drainage Asphalt - From the Economic Point of View a Reasonable Investment. Marrakech XIXth World Road Congress, PIARC Technical Committees on Flexible Roads and Surface Characteristics, Workshop on Pervious Coated Macadam, Proc. (September 1991) pp. 285-288. 16. Delanne, Y. Goyon, V., and Poirier, J. P., "Experimental Sites for Testing Thin Layer Drainage Asphalt Performances: First Results. Marrakech XIXth World Road Congress, PIARC Technical Committees on Flexible Roads and Surface Characteristics, Workshop on Pervious Coated Macadam, Proc. (September 1991) pp. 278-281. 17. Lefebvre, G., Porous Asphalt. Permanent International Association of Road Congresses, Technical Committee on Flexible Roads, Technical Committee on Surface Characteristics, Belgium (1993) 161 pp. 133

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IS. Decoene, Y., Contribution of Cellulose Fibers to the Performance of Porous Asphalts." Porous Asphalt P~vemerz~s: An International Perspective, Transportation Research Record 1265 (1990) pp. 82-86. 19. Sainton, A., "Advantages of Asphalt Rubber Binder for Porous Asphalt Concrete. Porous Asphalt Pavements: An Ir~terrzational Perspective, Transportation Research Record 1265 (1990) pp. 69-~. 20. Tappeiner, W. I., "Open-Graded Asphalt Friction Course. n National Asphalt Pavement Association No. IS ]15 (1993) 15 pp. 21. Surchamp, A., "Collecteur par enrobes drainants sur peripherique Parisian." Route Actualites, No. 4 (1995) p. 34. 22. The Ministry for Verkeer en Watersport, "Structuurschema Verkeer." Vervaer (19911. 23. Kirsch, I. W., "Informal Comments on the Road Spray Problem." Systems, Science, anti Software, Document No. SSR-IR-72-1352, La lolla, CA, (1972~. 24. Camomilia, G., Maigarini, M., and Gervasio, S., Sound Absorption and Winter Performance of Porous Asphalt Pavement. n Porous Asphalt Pavements: An Interrzatiorzat; Perspective, Transportation Research Record No.1265 (1990) pp. Ike. 134

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25. Sherard, T. D., "Suppression of Vehicle Splash and Spray." Society of Automotive Engineers Paper No. 730718 (1973~. 26. Brosseaud, Y., Poirier, I. C., and Roche, I. P., Draining Asphalts-Conclusions Drawn From the Performance Assessment of the Two Experimental Road Sites. AlPCR-PlARC, Montreal, Canada (1996~. 27. Michael, L. L., Regional Engineer, Western Regional Laboratory, Maryland Department of Transportation, Personal Communication (1996~. 28. Brosseaud, Y., Devaluation of the Experimental Site of Porous Asphalt on Motorway A63 After ~ Years of Traffic." European Conference on Porous Asphalt, Madrid, Spain (March 1997~. 29. Reed, I. R., Proctor, M. L., Kibler, D. F., and Agrawal, S. K., Measurements of Runoff Depths From a Grooved Laboratory Slab. Transportation' Research Board Circular No. 274 (April 1984) pp. 25-35. 30. Reed, I. R., Kibler, D. F., and Proctor, M. L., "Analytical and Experimental Study of Grooved Pavement Runoff, Final Report.. Federal Aviation Administration Report No. DOT/FAA/PM-83/84 (August 1983) 65 pp. 135

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31. Reed, J. R., Kibler, D. F., and Krallis, G. A., ~An~ytical and Experimental Study of Runway Runoff With Wind Effects. Final Report. Federal Aviation Administration Report No. DOT/FAA/CT- TN89/59 (October 1989) 64 pp. 32. Lewis, A. E., Lewis, S. B., and Lee, K. W., Correlation of Pavement Surface Texture to Hydraulic Roughness. TRR 1471 (1994) pp 10-17. 33. Zhang, W. and Cundy, T. W., remodeling of Two Dimensional Overland Flow. Water Resources Research, Vol. 25, No. 9 (September 1989) pp. 2019-2035. 34. Russam, K. and Ross, N. F., "The Depth of Rain Water on Road Surfaces. Road Research Laboratory, Ministry of Transport Report No. ER 236 (1968) 25 pp. 35. Reed, I. R. and Stong, I. B., Resistance Variables for Sheet Flows on Portland Cement Concrete Surfaces." Mid-AtIantic Universities Trarsportation Center Report No. IlI-9207 (1992) 127 pp. 36. Stong, I. B., Resistance Variables for Sheet Flows on Portland Cement Concrete Surfaces. Ph.D. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University, 1992. 37. Henry, I. I., and Meyer W. E., The Simulation of Tire Traction on Wet Pavements. 18th International Automobile Technical Congress, Hamburg, Germany, Proc., No. 369 (1980) pp. 121-128. 136

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38. Huebner, R. S., Reed, J. R., and Henry, J. J., Criteria for Predicting Hydroplaning Potential." American Society of Civil Engineers Journal of Transportation Engirzeenr~g, Vol. 112, No. 5 (September 1986) pp. 549-553. 39. Izzard, C. F., "Hydraulics of Runoff From Developed Surfaces. Highway Research Board, Proc. Vol. 26 (1946) pp. 129-150. 40. Dahir, S. H., Henry, J. J., and Meyer, W. E., Seasonal Skid-Resistance Variations. NTIS: PB80-222441 (1979). 41. Wambold, J. C., Road Characteristics and Skid Testing." Transportation Research Record No. 1196 (1988) pp. 294-299. 42. American Society for Testing Materials, "Standard Practice for Calculating Mean Profile Depth." ASTM E 1845-96, Philadelphia, PA. 43. Barker, E. S., and Sawyer, C. L. 12 (1952), pp. 251-270. "Highway Subdrainage." Public Roads, Vol. 26, No. 44. Agrawal, S. K., and Henry I. I., "Experimental Investigation of the Transient Aspect of Hydroplaning. Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D. C., Proc. (January 1980) pp. 35. 137

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45. G. G. Hayers, D. L. Ivey, and Gallaway, B. M., ~Hydroplaning, Hydrodynamic Drag, and Vehicle Stability." ASTM Special Technical Publication No. 793, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA (1983), pp. 151-66. 46. GalIaway, B. M., Ivey, D. L., Ross, H. E. Ir, Ledbetter, W. B., Woods, D. L., and Schiller, R. E., "Tentative Pavement and Geometric Design Criteria for Minimizing Hydroplaning.n Federal Highway Adrrar~istratilon Report No. FHWA-RD-75-~] (1975) 191 PPe 47. Tayfur, G., Kawas, M. L., Govindaraju, R. S., and Stone, D. E., Inapplicability of St. Venant Equations for Two-Dimension Overland Flows Over Rough Infiltrating Surfaces. n American Society of Civil Engineers lourrzal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. Il9, No. ~ (Ianuary 19931. 48. Froehlich, D. C., "Finite Element Surface Water Modeling System: Two-Dimensional Flow in a Horizontal Plane User's Manual. Federal Highway Administration Report No. FHWA-RD-88-177 (April 1989). 49. Huebner, R. S., Overland Flow on Highway Pavements: Comparison of a One- Dimensional Kinematic Mode] and a Two-Dimensional Finite Element Model. Ph. D. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University (1990) 290 pp. 138

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50. Woolhiser, D. A. and Liggett, I. A., "One-Dimensional Flow Over a Plane: The Rising Hydrograph." Water Resources Research, Vol. 3, No. 3 (September 1967) pp. 753-771 5 I. Morris, E . M. and Woolhiser, D. A., "Unsteady one~imensional flow over a plane: . partial equilibrium and recession hydrography. Water Resources Research Vol. 169 No. 29 (April 1980) pp. 355-360. 52. Reeds J. R., War ner9 J. C., and Huebner9 R. S.9 "Sheet Flow Resistance of Asphalt Pavements." 1994 ASCE National Conference on Hydraulic Engineering, Buffalo, NY, Proc. (August 1994) pp. ~ 100-1 104. 139

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