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278 Information on Committee Members BERNARD D. GOLDSTEIN, M.D. (Chairman), is the Director of the Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, a joint program of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and the Chair of the Department of Environmental and Community Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. He is a physician, board certified in Internal Medicine and Hematology; board certified in Toxicology. He was Assistant Administrator for Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1983-1985. His past activities include Member and Chairman of the NIH Toxicology Study Section and EPA's Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee; Chair of He Institute of Medicine Committee on the Role of the Physician in Occupational and Occupational/Environmental Medicine, the National Research Committee on Biomarkers in Environmental Health Research and the Committee on Risk Assessment Methodology. Dr. Goldstein also has served on the Industry Panel of the World Health Organization Commission on Health and Environment. He is a Member of the Institute of Medicine. He is Principal Investigator of Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation. He is the author of over two hundred articles and book chapters related to environmental health sciences and public policy. MERRIL EISENBUD, B.S.E.E., D.Sc. (deceased, see Dedication) was known worldwide in the field of environmental radioactivity. He served 12 years (1947-1959) with the US Atomic Energy Commission and was the founding director of the Health and Safety Laboratory professor. Professor Eisenbud was director of the Laboratory of Environmental Studies at the New York University Medical Center's Institute of Environmental Medicine from 1959 until 1984. On retirement from active teaching at NYU in 1984 he continued as professor

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279 emeritus of environmental medicine. He was also distinguished scholar in residence at the Duke University Medical Center and adjunct professor of environmental sciences and engineering at the University of North Carolina School of Public Health. Professor Eisenbud held a BSEE from the New York University College of Engineering and two honorary doctoral degrees in science. He was a member of many national and international committees, including those of agencies of the United Nations, the National Research Council, and the US government. He had been a member of the advisory councils of the Electric Power Research Institute, the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, and the Beryllium Industry Scientific Advisory Committee. He was serving the National Research Council as a member of its Board on Radiation Effects Research at the time of his death. He was the recipient of many awards including the Hermann M. Biggs Medal of the New York State Public Health Association, the Arthur H. Compton Award of the American Nuclear Society, the Gold Medal of the US Atomic Energy Commission, the Distinguished Achievement Award of the Health Physics Society, the Life Award of the Power Division of the Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers, and the Taylor Medal of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. He was an honorary life fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a corresponding member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, and a fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine. He contributed more than 200 journal articles and book chapters to the scientific literature. THOMAS GESELL, Ph.D., is a Professor of Health Physics and the Director of the Technical Safety Office at Idaho State University. Dr. Gesell has worked in multiple capacities for the DOE Idaho Operations Office, including holding the position of Deputy Assistant Manager for Nuclear Programs, and was a faculty member of the University of Texas School of Public Health in Houston for ten years. He was the Director of the DOE Radiological and Environmental Sciences Laboratory on the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Site. Dr. Gesell is a member of several committees and professional organizations including the EPA's Science Advisory Board's Radiation Advisory Committee and the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Dr. Gesell was also a consultant to the President's Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. Recently, Dr. Gesell co-authored the book Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial and Military Sources with Merril Eisenbud. SHAWK! IBRAHIM, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Depardnent of Radiological Health Sciences at the Colorado State University. He received his Ph.D. degree in Environmental Health from New York University in 1980.

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280 Formerly, he was a Research Scientist at New York University Medical Center's Laboratory for Environmental Medicine. Over the past 25 years, Dr. Ibrahim has been involved with research on measurements, distribution and transport of natural and man-made radionuclides in the environment and in humans around various nuclear facilities. He is a member of several professional organizations including the Health Physics Society, Sigma Xi, and the American Nuclear Society. EDWARD LANDA, Ph.D., is a geochemist with the National Research Program of the USGS Water Resources Division. He holds a M.P.H. in radiological health, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in soil sciences from the University of Minnesota. His research has focused on radionuclide mobility in soil and aquatic environments, and has included studies of uranium mill tailings, radium processing residues, oil field brines, and indoor radon. Dr. Landa has served as the Department of the Interior representative to the Science Panel of the Committee on the Interagency Radiation Research and Policy Coordination from 1990 to 1995. He has participated in the IDEA International Chernobyl Project, and in studies of radionuclide contaminants in the Artic regions. DAVID KOCHER, Ph.D., is a Senior Research Staff Member in the Life Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). He earned his Ph.D. degree in physics from the University of Wisconsin. For the past two decades, he has worked as an environmental health physicist at ORNL. His principal research activities have involved the development of models and data bases for estimating radiation doses to the public from radionuclides in the environment, which have been widely used in assessing impacts of releases from operating facilities and from radioactive waste disposal, and evaluations of dose- assessment models for regulatory and decision-making purposes. He has served as a member of several technical advisory groups for the Department of Energy, the Science Advisory Board of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the International Atomic Energy Agency in the areas of environmental radiological assessment and radioactive waste management. He is presently serving on Scientific Committees of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements on risk-based waste classification and performance assessment for low-level waste disposal. He has lectured widely in the areas of external and internal dosimetry, radiological assessments, radiological assessments, radioactive waste management, and regulations for radionuclides and hazardous chemicals in the environment. ANSELMO PASCHOA, Ph.D., is a Professor in the Department of Physics at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. Dr. Paschoa earned his Ph.D. from New York University. He has a broad background in physics including

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281 specialized training in nuclear and reactor physics, radiation dosimetry, and radioecology. Dr. Paschoa has been visiting professor at the University of Utah, and guest scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Dr. Paschoa has been called upon by the Brazilian government to act as a consultant or committee member and has attended several international meetings as a representative of Brazil. He is former Director for Radiation Protection, Nuclear Safety, and Safeguards of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission. Dr. Paschoa is also involved in numerous professional societies and organizations, and serves on the scientific committee for the Symposia on Radiation Physics.