natural disaster responsibilities contribute data and expertise to this effort. URL:http://cindi.usgs.gov/events/index/html

Climate Prediction Center (CPC): Washington, D.C. Maintains a continuous watch on short-term climate fluctuations to diagnose and predict them. Assists agencies both inside and outside the federal government in coping with climate-related problems such as food supply, energy allocation, and water resources. The CPC is one of nine centers within the NCEP. URL: http://nic.fb4.noaa.gov

Cold Region Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL), DOD/USACE: Hanover, New Hampshire. Provides research on solving technical problems that develop in cold regions, especially those related to construction, transport, and military operations. CRREL provides this information to defense services, civilian agencies of the federal government, and to state agencies, municipalities, and private industry. URL: http://www.crrel.usace.army.mil

Earth Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center (EDC), DOI/USGS: Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Handles data collection and distribution of images from satellites and aircraft. The EDC holds the three decades of land-surface phenomena information within the National Satellite Land Remote Sensing Data Archive. The EDC also acts as the Distributed Active Archive Center, or DAAC, for land processes on behalf of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth. URL: http://edcwww.cr.usgs.gov/eros-home.html

Emergency Operations Center (EOC), DOD/U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: EOCs provide command and control for emergency operations, which include advance measures, flood response, and post-flood recovery as well as activities to save lives and protect improved property. Additionally, FEMA is supported during disaster response under Public Law 93-288, including the Federal Response Plan. EOCs support the Commanding General U.S. Forces Command and commanders outside CONUS for mobilization, deployment, and sustainment of U.S. forces during contingencies.

Environmental Modeling Center (EMC): Camp Springs, Maryland. Improves numerical weather, marine, and climate predictions at the NCEP through research in data assimilation and modeling. The EMC develops, improves, and monitors data assimilation systems and models of the atmosphere, ocean, and coupled system using advanced methods developed in-



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