Page 261

Lethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons

Agent

Effects

Onset

First Aid

Nerve Agents

     

GA (Tabun), ethyl N,N-dimethyl-phosphoramidocyanidate

Miosis, rhinorrhea, dyspnea, convulsions

seconds to minutes

Atropine, pralidoxime, anticonvulsants, ventilation

GB (Sarin), isopropyl-methylphosphorofluoridate

     

GD (Soman), Trimethylpropylmethylphosphorofluoridate

     

GF, cyclohexyl-methylphosphorofluoridate

     

VX, o-ethyl S-[2-(diiospropylamino)ethyl]methylphosphorofluoridate

     

Vesicants

     

H, HD (mustard), bis-2-chlorethyl sulfide

Erythema, blisters, eye irritation, dyspnea

minutes to hours

Decontamination, topical antibiotics, bronchodilators, ventilation

CX (Phosgene oxime), dichloroformoxime

     

L (Lewisite), J-chlorovinyldichloroarsine

   

British antilewisite

Cyanide

     

AC (Hydrocyanic acid)

Loss of consciousness, convulsions, apnea

minutes

Nitrites, sodium thiosulfate

CK (Cyanogen chloride)

     

Pulmonary Agents

     

CG (phosgene), carbonyl chloride

Dyspnea, coughing

minutes to hours

Oxygen, ventilation, bronchodilators

DP (Diphosgene), trichloromethylchlorformate

     

Continued on next page



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