TABLE 5-1 Use of Manufacturing Technologies and Techniques, 1996 and 1994

 

1996

1994

Technologies and Techniques

Current Use

Planned Use

Current Use

Planned Use

PCs, non-manufacturing

96.1%

1.2%

90.6%

3.6%

Material requirements planning (MRP II)

58.5%

27.1%

56.1%

28.2%

Just-in-time manufacturing (JIT)

58.2%

14.5%

61.7%

14.2%

Preventive maintenance

53.6%

28.3%

59.2%

28.3%

Local area networks (LANs)

51.0%

13.9%

31.7%

18.3%

Employee teams

49.3%

25.1%

52.8%

26.6%

PCs, shop floor

45.0%

23.2%

36.6%

25.7%

CAD with computer-aided engineering (CAE)

43.8%

11.2%

39.4%

15.7%

Internet

38.2%

30.5%

n/a

n/a

SPC and statistical quality control (SQC)

37.5%

20.5%

36.2%

23.9%

Electronic business transactions

37.0%

32.0%

35.2%

29.8%

Numerically controlled (NC) or computer numerically controlled (CNC) machines

28.8%

8.6%

28.6%

7.6%

Data collection devices

27.2%

32.5%

23.1%

31.6%

CAD with CAM

23.0%

10.7%

17.0%

13.2%

Manufacturing cells

19.2%

10.2%

n/a

n/a

Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)

16.1%

17.1%

10.2%

20.3%

Automated material handling

15.7%

18.8%

17.0%

20.2%

ISO 9000/QS 9000 certification

13.9%

28.9%

4.2%

36.6%

Automated in-process inspection

11.1%

16.6%

8.9%

15.9%

Rapid prototyping

10.2%

9.7%

n/a

n/a

Distance learning

5.6%

19.3%

n/a

n/a

ISO 14000 certification

1.1%

16.6%

n/a

n/a

 

Source: Youtie and Shapira, 1997.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement