TABLE 4-2 Methods for Environmental Valuation

 

 

 

Techniques for estimation impacts

Pollution

Type of Effect

Impact

Hedonic Property

Hedonic Wages

Travel Cost

Contingent Valuation

Dose Response

Air pollution

Conventional pollutants: (total suspensed particulate [TSP], sulfur dioxide [SO2], nitrous oxides [NOx])

Respiratory illness

WLD; RAD; Medical suffering

L

L

X

_

_

 

Respiratory illness

Death

L and _

_

X

X

_

 

Aesthetics

Visual, sensory

_

L

X

_

X

 

Recreation

Visits, especially to forests

L

X

_

_

X

 

Materials

Maintenance/repair

X

X

Poss

Poss

_

 

Vegetation

Crop losses

L

X

X

X

_

Water pollution

Conventional pollutants (e.g., biochemical oxygen demand [BOD])

Recreation (e.g., fishing, boating)

Visit behavior

L

X

_

_

X

 

Commercial fisheries

Stock losses

X

X

X

X

_

 

Aesthetics

Turbidity, odor, unsightliness

_

X

L

_

X



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