To Enhance the Effectiveness of Technology Innovation in Industry
Industry recognizes that research and development are indispensable to the security and progress of a nation. Concern for improvement of the environment, conservation of resources, and a better life for all persons underlie the importance of research. A 130 billion dollar enterprise, industrial research and development programs in the United States utilize the services of well over one-half million scientists and engineers.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 120
--> Appendix J The Industrial Research Institute, Inc. IRI Mission— To Enhance the Effectiveness of Technology Innovation in Industry Purposes of the Institute Identify and promote effective techniques for the organization and management of research, development, and engineering in support of technological innovation. Encourage high standards in technological innovation. Develop methods for determining the effectiveness of technological innovation, and promote an understanding of the value of technological innovation to the economy, industry, and society. Strengthen understanding of business issues by technology leaders as well as business leaders' understanding of the technological innovation process. Monitor and clarify government policy issues that relate to technological innovation, act as an effective source of information to the U.S. government, and afford member companies opportunities to influence policies. Foster cooperation on a worldwide basis with academia, government, and other organizations active in technological innovation. Provide member-company representatives a forum for building a network of contacts among their peers. Industry recognizes that research and development are indispensable to the security and progress of a nation. Concern for improvement of the environment, conservation of resources, and a better life for all persons underlie the importance of research. A 130 billion dollar enterprise, industrial research and development programs in the United States utilize the services of well over one-half million scientists and engineers.
OCR for page 120
--> Organization and management of these efforts have given rise to mutual problems, such as selection, control, and termination of projects and evaluation of their results; barriers to innovation; professional development of research personnel; effect of societal influences on R&D; and many others. Founded in 1938 under the auspices of the National Research Council, the Industrial Research Institute (IRI) is an association of over 265 companies that provides a means for the coordinated study of problems confronting managers of industrial research and development. IRI was incorporated in the State of New York on April 17, 1945, as a non-profit, 501(c)(6) organization. Activities of the Industrial Research Institute cover current as well as long-range problems in the management of research and technology. Primarily educational and informational, these activities include semi-annual meetings, seminars, study groups, a bi-monthly journal Research-Technology Management, and periodic newsletters. Procedures for carrying out the Purposes of the Institute are subject to approval of a Board of Directors. Plans, policies, and proposals evolve from a number of standing committees, and are implemented by a headquarters staff of ten persons plus two editorial consultants. Membership in the Institute is taken in the name of the company upon the payment of annual dues of $3,200. A requirement for membership is that the company maintain a technical staff and laboratory for industrial research in the United States, Canada, or Mexico, and shall either be engaged primarily in industrial production or be the research subsidiary of a company so engaged, or shall be a service company whose industrial product is technical service, information technology, or software. Institute members are located mainly in the United States, although several are in Canada, Europe, and Japan. Industries represented by these companies include chemical, metal-producing, paper, textile, pharmaceutical, food, petroleum, electronics, computers, rubber, aerospace, transportation, and R&D services. The policy on admission to IRI provides for a moderate annual increase in membership while avoiding undue predominance of companies in any one industrial classification. Source: Industrial Research Institute, Inc., 1998