National Academy of Medicine. MacLeod urged the group to develop a list of people who should be involved in the Board on Medicine. Those present obliged by coming up with no fewer than 41 names.24

The business of constructing a Board on Medicine and Public Health began in earnest on September 13, 1967, at a meeting called by Fred Seitz. Those present included McDermott, Colin MacLeod, Ivan Bennett, and Page. Joseph Murtaugh, chief of the Office of Program Planning at NIH, represented the interests of Jim Shannon. Keith Cannan, who worked for the Division of Medical Sciences of the National Research Council, attended as an NAS staff member. Irving London, chairman of the Department of Medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Eugene Stead, a professor of medicine at Duke; and Robert J. Glaser, dean of Stanford's School of Medicine, completed the group. All of the people in the room, with the exception of Seitz and NAS staffers, were medical doctors, and each had connections with an academic medical center. It was their task to complete the list of Board members. As Page put it, ''Each one of the members appointed to the Board will represent different aspects of social and scientific medicine, such as economics, poverty, etc."

As a practical matter, members of the group agreed on themselves and on Dwight Wilbur, a San Francisco physician who was president-elect of the American Medical Association, and then got bogged down. In the social science fields, for example, the group had only the most cursory knowledge of current practitioners. James Tobin, Milton Friedman, and Carl Kaysen were suggested as economists, even though none of the people in the room was familiar with their work. As for a sociologist, someone in the room offered the name of Daniel Bell, not because of his work in the field of medicine but because he was well known. For the most part, the group concentrated on occupational and demographic categories, such as dentists or people who worked in the pharmaceutical industry, and it acknowledged the need for "at least two Negroes." 25

The group agreed to ask 22 people to serve, and by the end of September, Seitz reported to the Council that the Board on Medicine "was taking shape." McDermott told Seitz that it was a good list but that it was weighted toward the two coasts and contained almost no private practitioners. Given the people doing the selecting, this was a natural bias. In addition, the Academy had trouble recruiting people from outside the medical profession. A string of distinguished economists declined the offer, as did sociologist Daniel Bell who cited "a lack of competence" on questions related to medicine. Pure scientists approached by the group also were reluctant to become involved with the Board. When Kermit Gordon, the economist from



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