the staff." The result, according to Bulger, was a "reasonable level of staffing." "We have a very wholesome interdisciplinary thing going,'' he added, "such that I am comfortable as a health professional with the whole range of staff people.''

Bulger concluded his long letter by saying that "as we have developed more of track record and more people have taken notice of us, we have also attracted our share of jealousies and legitimate concerns. It is important that in this city of Washington, those people who might look to us for advice and who might be able to use us should think of us as competent and able to deal with the problems."101 Hogness and Fredrickson had made a start in this direction, in particular by raising funds from foundations and establishing the basic routines of IOM governance and IOM studies. Still, as Bulger had noted, the organization remained invisible to mainstream Washington and the general public. By the time Jimmy Carter became president in 1977, this condition would change.



Philip Handler to Dr. Ward Darley, January 20, 1971, Institute of Medicine, 1971, General, National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Records.


Roger Bulger to Larry Lewin, August 6, 1975, Yordy Files, Accession 91-051, Institute of Medicine (IOM) Records, NAS Archives.


Oral interview with Robert Glaser, Menlo Park, Calif., November 1, 1997.


Meeting of Executive Committee, December 17, 1970, Institute of Medicine, NAS Records.


Minutes of Initial Membership Committee, January 28, 1971, Robert Glaser Papers, Menlo Park, Calif.


Initial Membership Committee, March 10, 1971; Robert J. Glaser to Philip Handler, April 16, 1971; and Inger Herman to Handler, June 21, 1971, all in IOM Records, NAS Archives; Glaser to Julius Comroe, April 5, 1971, Glaser Papers.


Raymond Waggoner, immediate past President of the American Psychiatric Association, to Philip Handler, June 15, 1970; Isidore Greenberg, Director of Graduate Studies, Brooklyn College of Pharmacy, to David Hamburg, June 15, 1970; Eric Comstock, Executive Director, American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, to Handler, July 18, 1970; R. L. Kitchell, Dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, to Handler, July 21, 1970; and Joseph Goodgood, Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York University, to Handler, August 13, 1970, all in IOM Membership, 1970, NAS Records.


Robert Glaser to Philip Handler, April 16, 1971, IOM Membership, 1971, NAS Records.

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