was receiving more emphasis in clinical research, and the agency staff might offer its services more widely. Although the agency did not immediately act on DeBakey's suggestion, the question of the breadth of the study population would recur.89

Toward the end of 1961, it seemed increasingly likely that the Committee on Veterans Medical Problems would not be reappointed in 1962. Beebe worked to formulate a new committee to advise the follow-up program. He approached a representative of the American Psychiatric Association and told him of the need for a psychiatrist to serve as a member of the new committee. He also talked with his professional associates in the field of epidemiology.90

In January 1962, Keith Cannan held an important discussion with the NRC about the future of the Committee on Veterans Medical Problems and the Medical Follow-up Agency. He found the response of the Veterans Administration to the suggestions of the NRC unsatisfactory. The group agreed to let the committee remain on the roster until June 1962, after which time it would be abolished. At the same time, the group decided that the agency should remain with the NRC and that an effort would be made to publicize its value and purpose.91

Beebe, Jablon, and Cohen all felt more comfortable with the role of scholar than the role of advocate. During this period, Seymour Jablon published an essay on the characteristics of a clinical trial and was the second author of a piece on acute epidemic hemorrhagic fever. Gilbert Beebe's long report on the possible relation of lung cancer to mustard gas injury (see Box 6) and his study of the 1918 influenza epidemic among World War I veterans appeared in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. While in Japan, Jablon and Dr. A. Earl Walker reviewed their draft monograph on head wounds. Bernard Cohen continued to work with Michael DeBakey on their monograph about Buerger's disease.92

Much as he would have preferred to do his own statistical research, Beebe spent a considerable amount of time in 1961 and 1962 trying to present the agency's mission to a larger audience. He wrote an informal history of the program in which he highlighted some of the agency's major accomplishments. Beebe noted that as the program developed, it produced findings of interest to a wide range of doctors. Each study, he suggested, told a scientifically important story.93

As the end of the Committee on Veterans Medical Problems drew near, Beebe intensified his search to find people to serve on a new advisory committee. With help from outsiders, Beebe drew up a tentative list of 18 people that included, among others, Michael DeBakey; psychiatrist Alexander Leighton; internist and geneticist (and twin) Victor McKusick; Brian MacMahon, a Harvard epidemiologist interested in chronic disease; and Abraham Lilienfeld, a Johns Hopkins epidemiologist interested in cancer studies.94

In July 1962, Keith Cannan let the members of the Committee on Veterans Medical Problems know that the committee would not be reappointed. His first letter was to Michael DeBakey. ''It is hard to put into words a measure of our



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