References

Barger-Lux MJ, Heaney RP, Lanspa SJ, Healy JC, DeLuca HF. 1995. An investigation of sources of variation in calcium absorption efficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 80:406–411.


Dourson ML, Stara JF. 1983. Regulatory history and experimental support of uncertainty (safety) factors. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 3:224–238.


EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1996. Proposed Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment; Notice. Federal Register 61:17960–18011.


FAO/WHO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization). 1982. Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants. Twenty-sixth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives WHO Technical Report Series No. 683.

FAO/WHO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization). 1995. The Application of Risk Analysis to Food Standard Issues. Recommendations to the Codex Alimentarius Commission (ALINORM 95/9, Appendix 5). Geneva: World Health Organization.


Health Canada. 1993. Health Risk Determination—The Challenge of Health Protection. Ottawa: Health Canada, Health Protection Branch.

Hill AB. 1971. Principles of Medical Statistics, 9th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.


IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1994. How Should the Recommended Dietary Allowances Be Revised? Food and Nutrition Board. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1997. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Klaassen CD, Amdur MO, Doull J. 1986. Casarett and Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons , 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan.


Mertz W,Abernathy CO, Olin SS. 1994. Risk Assessment of Essential Elements. Washington, DC: ILSI Press.


Narang NK, Gupta RC, Jain MK. 1984. Role of vitamin D in pulmonary tuberculosis. J Assoc Physicians India 32:185–188.

NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 1989. Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk. Report of the Committee on Diet and Health, Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.



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--> References Barger-Lux MJ, Heaney RP, Lanspa SJ, Healy JC, DeLuca HF. 1995. An investigation of sources of variation in calcium absorption efficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 80:406–411. Dourson ML, Stara JF. 1983. Regulatory history and experimental support of uncertainty (safety) factors. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 3:224–238. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1996. Proposed Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment; Notice. Federal Register 61:17960–18011. FAO/WHO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization). 1982. Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants. Twenty-sixth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives WHO Technical Report Series No. 683. FAO/WHO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization). 1995. The Application of Risk Analysis to Food Standard Issues. Recommendations to the Codex Alimentarius Commission (ALINORM 95/9, Appendix 5). Geneva: World Health Organization. Health Canada. 1993. Health Risk Determination—The Challenge of Health Protection. Ottawa: Health Canada, Health Protection Branch. Hill AB. 1971. Principles of Medical Statistics, 9th ed. New York: Oxford University Press. IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1994. How Should the Recommended Dietary Allowances Be Revised? Food and Nutrition Board. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1997. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Klaassen CD, Amdur MO, Doull J. 1986. Casarett and Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons , 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan. Mertz W,Abernathy CO, Olin SS. 1994. Risk Assessment of Essential Elements. Washington, DC: ILSI Press. Narang NK, Gupta RC, Jain MK. 1984. Role of vitamin D in pulmonary tuberculosis. J Assoc Physicians India 32:185–188. NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1989. Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk. Report of the Committee on Diet and Health, Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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--> NRC (National Research Council). 1994. Science and Judgment in Risk Assessment. Committee on Risk Assessment of Hazardous Air Pollutants. Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. OTA (Office of Technology Assessment). 1993. Researching Health Risks . Washington, DC: Office of Technology Assessment. WHO (World Health Organization). 1987. Principles for the Safety Assessment of Food Additives and Contaminants in Food . Environmental Health Criteria 70. Geneva: World Health Organization. WHO (World Health Organization). 1996. Trace Elements in Human Nutrition and Health. Prepared in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Geneva: World Health Organization. Zielhuis RL, van der Kreek FW. 1979. The use of a safety factor in setting health-based permissible levels for occupational exposure. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 42:191–201.

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