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G
Acronyms and Abbreviations


AA

arachidonic acid

AAs

amino acids

ACH

acetylcholine

ACTH

adrenocorticotrophic hormone

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

ADX

adrenalectomy

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ALA

α-linolenic acid

APC

antigen-presenting cell

ARC

AIDS-related complex

ARS

Agricultural Research Service

ASNS

American Society for Nutritional Sciences

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

AVP

arginine vasopressin



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--> G Acronyms and Abbreviations AA arachidonic acid AAs amino acids ACH acetylcholine ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone ADH antidiuretic hormone ADX adrenalectomy AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ALA α-linolenic acid APC antigen-presenting cell ARC AIDS-related complex ARS Agricultural Research Service ASNS American Society for Nutritional Sciences ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry AVP arginine vasopressin

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--> BCG Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (vaccine) BCNH Committee on Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health of Military Women BCT basic combat training BIA bioelectrical impedance Bq becquerel BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy BW body weight CD cluster of differentiation CEHR Center for Environmental Health Research CHD coronary heart disease CMI cell-mediated immunity CMNR Committee on Military Nutrition Research CNS central nervous system ConA concanavalin A CORT corticosterone CRDA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement CRH corticotropin-releasing hormone CRP C-reactive protein CVB4 coxsackievirus B4 CVO circumventricular organ DCM dilated cardiomyopathy DDH delayed dermal hypersensitivity DGLA dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid DHA docosahexaenoic acid DHEA dehydroepiandrosterone DLW doubly labeled water DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DNFB dinitrofluorobenzene DoD Department of Defense DRI Dietary Reference Intake DTH delayed-type hypersensitivity DWHRP Defense Women's Health Research Program DXA dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry EFA essential fatty acid ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay en% energy percent EPA eicosapentaenoic acid ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate Fab fragment-antibody Fc FDA Food and Drug Administration FFA free fatty acid

OCR for page 575
--> FFM fat-free mass FNB Food and Nutrition Board FTX field training exercises GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid GC glucocorticoids GH growth hormone GMCSF granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor GnRH gonadotropin-releasing hormone GTP guanosine triphosphate HAPE high-altitude pulmonary edema HDL high-density lipoprotein HDT Human Dimensions Teams HIV human immunodeficiency virus HLA human leukocyte antigen HPAA hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis HYPOX hypophysectomy icv intracerebroventricular Ig immunoglobulin IGF-I insulin-like growth factor-I IL interleukin IL-1ra interleukin-1 receptor antagonist IOM Institute of Medicine ip intraperitoneal IR immune response IRE iron-responsive element IRE-BP iron-responsive element-binding protein iv intravenous KD Keshan disease LA linoleic acid LAK lymphokine-activated killer (cell) LDL low-density lipoprotein LH luteinizing hormone LLRP Long-Life Ration Packet LPS lipopolysaccharide LTB4 leukotriene-B4 L-TRP-EMS 1-tryptophan eosinophilia myalgia syndrome Mabs monoclonal antibodies MDA malondialdehyde MFA monounsaturated fatty acid MHC major histocompatibility complex MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MN-CS multiple nutrients for cellular synthesis MN-PS multiple nutrients for protein synthesis

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--> MND Military Nutrition Division (currently Military Nutrition and Biochemistry Division) MOA Memorandum of Agreement MR mitogenic responsiveness MRDA Military Recommended Dietary Allowance MRDR modified relative dose response (test) MRE Meal, Ready-to-Eat MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid NAD nicotinamide–adenine dinucleotide NAIDS nutritionally acquired immune dysfunction syndromes NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NBT nitroblue tetrazolium NCI-FCRDC National Cancer Institute–Frederick Cancer Research & Development Center NIH National Institutes of Health NRC National Research Council NK natural killer (cell) OLVT organum vasculosum of lamina terminalis PBMC peripheral blood mononuclear cell PEM protein-energy malnutrition PGE2 prostaglandin E2 PHA phytohemagglutinin PHA-T phytohemagglutinin-stimulated T-cell proliferation PMN polymorphonuclear neutrophil PPD purified protein derivative (skin test) PSS pituitary stalk section PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acid PVFS postviral fatigue syndrome PVN paraventricular nuclear RA rheumatoid arthritis RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance RE retinol equivalent REM rapid eye movement RfD reference dose RGR-I first U.S. Army Ranger training course RGR-II second U.S. Army Ranger training course ROS reactive oxygen species RTB U.S. Army Ranger Training Brigade RT-PCR reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction SAA serum amyloid antecedent

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--> SCID severe combined–immunodeficient SFA saturated fatty acid SFAS Special Forces Assessment and Selection SIADH syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion sIL-2r soluble receptor for IL-2 SOZ serum opsonized zymosan SRBC sheep red blood cell SSCOM Soldier System Command T3 triiodothyronine T4 thyroxine TBG thyroid-binding globulin TDEE total daily energy expenditure TE tocopherol equivalent TfR transferrin receptor Th1 T-helper 1 (cell) TNF tumor necrosis factor TPN total parenteral nutrition TRH thyrotropin-releasing hormone TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone UCLA University of California–Los Angeles URI upper respiratory infection URTI upper respiratory tract infection USAF U.S. Air Force USAMRIID U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases USAMRMC U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command USARIEM U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture VIP vasoactive intestinal polypeptide VP vasopressin WBC white blood cell WHO World Health Organization WRAIR Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

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