incentives might be used to reward, and thereby encourage, the use of advanced safety systems and practices. Another enforcement technique would be to create peer pressure for compliance through forums, such as harbor safety committees. If nonpunitive measures do not result in consistent compliance, punitive action should be taken.
NRC (National Research Council). 1994. Minding the Helm: Marine Navigation and Piloting. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
USCG (U.S. Coast Guard). 1997. Differential GPS Mission Needs Analysis: Harbor Entry and Approach. Alexandria, Va.: USCG Navigation Center.
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.