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and share the knowledge necessary to survive and succeed on any mission.''
C4ISR Guiding Principles: In order to achieve this vision, C4ISR capabilities generally need to be effective, affordable, and adaptable. In addition, the C4ISR capabilities and processes should be inherently joined and coalition-capable; interoperable; tightly coupled to requirements; secure and available to authorized users; robust and survivable; doctrinally agile; widely available and timely; able to share knowledge that can be tailored to the need; cognizant of the reality of chaos and able to deal with uncertainty; self-aware and self-healing; able to share language; able to keep pace with evolving technology; mobile and continuous; adaptable and adaptive; conformable to standards; easy to use, effective, and fast; innovative; and based on learning, collaboration, and empowerment.
ITF's Recommendations: The summary below focuses on the ITF's 13 major recommendations, which are organized into five categories. These recommendations and associated strategies, as well as action offices, time lines, and targets where appropriate, are discussed in detail of Chapter 5 of the ITF's report.
Manage and guide: A common strategic direction needs to be established to guide C4ISR.
Develop and maintain a common defense-wide C4ISR strategic plan;
Implement a common framework for architecture development for all C4ISR activities;
Issue updated and integrated C4ISR-related compatibility, interoperability, integration, and security policy directives; and
Emphasize integrated C4ISR management, and determine the feasibility of implementing a systems integration management-type process.
Identify joint and defense-wide needs: C4ISR requirements must "reflect the emerging needs of the Unified Command and Joint Task Force . . . Commanders, . . . be flexible enough to accommodate uncertainty," and be fully integrated.
Increase integration by implementing a standardized, mission-oriented approach to requirements definition using the collaborative Joint Mission Area Assessments and Joint Mission Needs Analyses;
Create a top-down integrated, nested set of requirements; and
Apply improved assessment practices (i.e., streamline the existing