Review of the Need for a Large-scale Test Facility for Research on the Effects of Extreme Winds on Structures

Committee to Review the Need for a Large-scale Test Facility for Research on the Effects of Extreme Winds on Structures

Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment

Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
1999



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
Review of the Need for a Large-scale Test Facility for Research on the Effects of Extreme Winds on Structures Committee to Review the Need for a Large-scale Test Facility for Research on the Effects of Extreme Winds on Structures Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1999

OCR for page R1
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is President of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. William Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This study was supported by Grant No. DE-FG07-98ID13722 from the U.S. Department of Energy to the National Academy of Sciences. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organization or agency that provided support for this project. International Standard Book Number 0-309-06483-X Available in limited supply from: Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., HA 274, Washington, D.C. 20418, (202) 334-3376 Additional copies of this report are available for sale from: National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418 Call 800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313 (in the Washington Metropolitan Area). This report is also available on line at http://www.nap.edu Printed in the United States of America. Copyright 1999 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

OCR for page R1
Committee to Review the Need for a Large-scale Test Facility for Research on the Effects of Extreme Winds on Structures JACK E. CERMAK, chair, Colorado State University, Fort Collins ALAN G. DAVENPORT, University of Western Ontario, London MICHAEL P. GAUS, State University of New York at Buffalo STEPHEN R. HOOVER, Kemper/NATLSCO, Long Grove, Illinois NICHOLAS P. JONES, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland AHSAN KAREEM, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana RICHARD J. KRISTIE, Wiss, Janey, Elstner Associates, Inc., Northbrook, Illinois WILLIAM F. MARCUSON, III, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, Mississippi JOSEPH E. MINOR, University of Missouri-Rolla JOSEPH PENZIEN, International Civil Engineering Consultants, Inc., Berkeley, California MARK D. POWELL, National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration, Miami, Florida TIMOTHY A. REINHOLD, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina ELEONORA SABADELL, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia EMIL SIMIU, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland Staff RICHARD G. LITTLE, Study Director MICHELLE L. PORTERFIELD, Consultant JENIFER BOLSER, Project Assistant AMANDA PICHA, Project Assistant

OCR for page R1
Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment JAMES O. JIRSA, chair, University of Texas, Austin BRENDA MYERS BOHLKE, Parsons Brinckerhoff, Inc., Herndon, Virginia JACK E. BUFFINGTON, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville RICHARD DATTNER, Richard Dattner Architect, P.C., New York, New York CLAIRE FELBINGER, American University, Washington, D.C. AMY GLASMEIER, Pennsylvania State University, University Park CHRISTOPHER M. GORDON, Massachusetts Port Authority, Boston NEIL GRIGG, Colorado State University, Fort Collins DELON HAMPTON, Delon Hampton & Associates, Washington, D.C. GEORGE D. LEAL, Dames & Moore, Inc., Los Angeles, California VIVIAN LOFTNESS, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania MARTHA A. ROZELLE, The Rozelle Group, Ltd., Phoenix, Arizona SARAH SLAUGHTER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge RAE ZIMMERMAN, New York University, New York Staff RICHARD G. LITTLE, Director, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment LYNDA L. STANLEY, Director, Federal Facilities Council JOHN A. WALEWSKI, Program Officer LORI DUPREE, Administrative Associate AMANDA PICHA, Administrative Assistant

OCR for page R1
Acknowledgements This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and knowledge of the subject matter, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the NRC in making this report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: Ms. Nancy Rutledge Connery, Woolwich, Maine Dr. Joseph H. Golden, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association Dr. George W. Housner, California Institute of Technology Dr. Dennis Mileti, University of Colorado Dr. Dorothy A. Reed, University of Washington Mr. Herbert Rothman, Weidlinger Associates Dr. Robert H. Scanlan, Johns Hopkins University Although these individuals provided constructive comments and suggestions, it must be emphasized that responsibility for the final content of the report rests with the authoring committee and the NRC.

OCR for page R1
This page in the original is blank.

OCR for page R1
Contents     Executive Summary   1 1   Introduction   3     Scope of the Study   3     Organization of the Study   4     Organization of the Report   4 2   Technical Aspects of A Large-Scale Wind Test Facility   6     Introduction   6     Previous Assessments   6     Wind-Hazard Research   7     Value of Large-scale Testing   8     Role of a Large-scale Test Facility in Wind Engineering Research   12     Priority of a Large-scale Wind Test Facility   15 3   Economic Considerations   17 4   Findings and Recommendations   19     Findings   19     Recommendations   21     References   22     Appendixes         ABiographies of Committee Members   27     BQuestionnaire, Respondents, and Synthesis of Responses   33     Acronyms   40

OCR for page R1
This page in the original is blank.