Mitchell PH, Shortell SM. 1997. Adverse outcomes and variations in organization of care delivery. Medical Care 35(11 Suppl.):NS19-NS32.

Munoz KA, Harlan LC, Trimble EL. 1997. Patterns of care for women with ovarian cancer in the United States. Journal of Clinical Oncology 15:3408-3415.

Nattinger AB, Gottlieb MS, Veum J, et al. 1992. Geographic variation in the use of breast-conserving treatment for breast cancer. New England Journal of Medicine 326(17):1102-1107.

Newhouse JP. 1998. RAND Health Insurance Experiment (in Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Areas of the United States), 1974-1982. 2nd ICPSR version. Santa Monica, CA: RAND [producer]. Ann Arbor, MI: Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor].

Nguyen HN, Averette HE, Hoskins W, et al. 1993. National survey of ovarian carcinoma. Part V. The impact of physician's specialty on patients' survival. Cancer 72:3663-3670.


Porter GA, Soskolne CL, Yakimets WW, Newman SC. 1998. Surgeon-related factors and outcome in rectal cancer. Annals of Surgery 227:157-167.

Potosky AL, Merrill RM, Riley GF, et al. 1997. Breast cancer survival and treatment in health maintenance organization and fee-for-service settings. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 89: 1683-1691.


Retchin SM, Brown B. 1990. Management of colorectal cancer in Medicare health maintenance organizations. Journal of General Internal Medicine 5:110-114.

Retchin SM, Penberthy L, Desch C, et al. 1997. Perioperative management of colon cancer under Medicare risk programs. Archives of Internal Medicine 157:1878-1884.

Richardson JD, Schmieg R, Boaz P, et al. 1998. Impact of trauma attending surgeon case volume on out-come: Is more better? Journal of Trauma 44(2):266-271.

Riley GF, Feuer EJ, Lubitz JD. 1996. Disenrollment of Medicare cancer patients from health maintenance organizations. Medical Care 34(8): 826-836.

Riley GF, Potosky AL, Klabunde CN, et al. 1999. Stage at diagnosis and treatment patterns among older women with breast cancer: An HMO and fee-for-service comparison. Journal of the American Medical Association 281(8):720-726.

Romano PS, Mark DH. 1992. Patient and hospital characteristics related to in-hospital mortality after lung cancer resection. Chest 101:1332-1337.

Roohan P, Bickell N, Baptiste M, et al. 1998. Hospital volume differences and five-year survival from breast cancer. American Journal of Public Health 88(3):454-457.

Rosen L, Stasik JJ, Reed JF, et al. 1996. Variations in colon and rectal surgical mortality. Comparison of specialties with a state-legislated database. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 39(2):129-135.

Ruby ST, Robinson D, Lynch JT, Mark H. 1996. Outcome analysis of carotid endarterectomy in Connecticut: The impact of volume and specialty. Annals of Vascular Surgery 10(1):22-26.


Sainsbury R, Haward B, Rider L, et al. 1995. Influence of clinician workload and patterns of treatment on survival from breast cancer. Lancet 345:1265-1270.

Smith RF, Frateschi L, Sloan EP, et al. 1990. The impact of volume on outcome in seriously injured trauma patients: Two years' experience of the Chicago Trauma System. Journal of Trauma 30(9):1066-1075.

Solomon RA, Mayer SA, Tarmey JJ. 1996. Relationship between the volume of craniotomies for cerebral aneurysm performed at New York State hospitals and in-hospital mortality . Stroke 27(1):13-17.

Sosa JA, Bowman HM, Gordon TA, et al. 1998. Importance of hospital volume in the overall management of pancreatic cancer. Annals of Surgery 228(3):429-438.


Tepas JJ 3rd, Patel JC, DiScala C, et al. 1998. Relationship of trauma patient volume to outcome experience: Can a relationship be defined? Journal of Trauma 44(5):827-830.


Vernon SW, Hughes JI, Heckel VM, et al. 1992. Quality of care for colorectal cancer in a fee-for-service and health maintenance organization practice. Cancer 69 (10):2418-2425.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement