viduals who die as a result of cancer spend the end of their lives in hospitals, but individuals with cancer are more likely than those with other conditions to use hospice care. The majority of individuals residing in hospice care facilities have cancer (Jones and Strahan, 1997).

TABLE 2.4

Characteristics of Hospital Discharges with Primary Diagnosis of Cancer, 1994

Characteristic

Sample Size

Estimate No. of Cancer-Related Hospital Discharges Nationally (se) a

Percent Distribution (se)a

All cancer discharges

11,021

1,408,600 (66,300)

100.0

Type of cancerb

Lung, other respiratory

1,415

194,000 (14,800)

13.8 (0.8)

Female breast

1,092

137,300 (11,900)

9.7 (0.7)

Prostate

838

110,000 (10,400)

7.8 (0.6)

Colon, rectum

1,172

142,900 (12,200)

10.1 (0.7)

Lymphomas, leukemias

1,116

152,000 (12,700)

10.8 (0.7)

All others

5,388

672,300 (35,800)

47.8 (1.2)

Age

0-24

455

53,600 (10,100)

3.8 (0.2)

25-44

1,029

129,900 (8,100)

9.2 (0.4)

45-64

3,434

444,900 (27,300)

31.6 (0.5)

>65

6,103

780,100 (48,900)

55.4 (0.6)

Sex

Male

5,227

664,100 (44,800)

47.1 (0.6)

Female

5,794

744,600 (31,100)

52.9 (0.8)

Race

White

7,382

1,012,600 (62,700)

71.9 (1.1)

Black

1,059

127,100 (11,500)

9.0 (0.4)

Other

642

54,600 (10,400)

3.9 (0.2)

Not stated

1,938

214,300 (29,000)

15.2 (0.6)

Hospital size (No. of Beds)

6-99

896

190,800 (14,600)

13.5 (0.8)

100-199

1,822

329,800 (21,100)

23.4 (1.0)

200-299

2,627

254,200 (17,600)

18.0 (0.9)

300-499

3,521

384,100 (23,500)

27.3 (1.1)

>500

2,155

249,600 (17,400)

17.7 (0.9)



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