Click for next page ( 144


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 143
References Abrams, G. D. 1969. Diseases in an amphibian colony, p. 419~28. In M. Mizell {ed.] Biology of amphibian tumors. Springer-Verlag, New York. Albuquerque, E. X., J. W. Daly, and B. Witkop. 1971. Batrachotoxin: Chemistry and pharmacology. Science 172:995-1002. American Public Health Association. 1965. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 1 2th ed. American Public Health Association, New York. 626 p. Anonymous. 1973. Where have all the frogs gone? Mod. Med. 41(23):20-24. Arnold, S. J. 1972. Evolution of courtship behavior in salamanders. 2 vol. Ph.D. thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Asher, Jr., J. H. 1970. Parthenogenesis and genetic variability. II. One-locus models for various diploid populations. Genetics 66:369-391. Asher, Jr., J. H. in press a. Systems of reproduction. I. Optimal methods for produc- ing isogenetic and congenic strains. Theor. Appl. Genet. Asher, Jr., J. H. in press b. Systems of reproduction. II. The influence of linkage and fitness upon the genetic structure of automictic parthenogenesis populations. Theor. Pop. Biol. Asher, Jr., J. H., and G. W. Nace. 1971. The genetic structure and evolutionary fate of parthenogenetic amphibian populations as determined by Markovian analysis. Am. Zool. 1 1: 381-398. Atz, J. W. 1971. Aquarium fishes. Viking, New York. 110 p. Bachmann, B. T., E. A. Adelberg, and R. Bakerman. 1973. SAM: The "search and match" computer program of the Escherichia cold Genetic Stock Center. BioScience 23: 35-36. Bagnara, J. T., and H. L. Stackhouse. 1973. Observations on Mexican Rana pipiens. Am. Zool. 13:139-143. Ballard, S., M. A. Griffity, and G. Controni. 1964. Part 2. The morphology and bio- chemical reactions of the Moraxella-Mima group. Am. J. Med. Tech. 30:263-269. Balls, M., and L. N. Ruben. 1967. The transmission of lymphosarcoma in Xerlopus laevis, t'~e South African clawed toad. Cancer Res. 27 :654-659. Balls, M., and L. N. Ruben. 1968. Lymphoid tumors in amphibia: A review. Prog. Exp. Tumor Res. 10:238-260. Bardach, J. E., J. H. Ryther, and W. O. McLarney. 1972. Aquaculture. Wiley- lnterscience, New York. 868 p. 143

OCR for page 143
144 Beetschen, J-C. 1971. Thermosensibilite de la mutation "ascite caudale" chez Pleuro- deles waltlii (amphibian urodele). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 273 :97-100. Benenson, A. S. [ed.] . 1970. Control of communicable diseases in man, 11th ed. American Public Health Association, New York. 316 p. Bennett, G. W. 1962. Management of artificial lakes and ponds. Reinhold, New York. 283 p. Berns, M. W. 1965. Mortality caused by kidney stones in spinach-fed frogs (Rana pipiens). BioScience 15:297-298. Bishop, S. C. 1947. Handbook of salamanders. Comstock, Ithaca, New York. 555 p. Blackler, A. W., and M. Fischberg. 1968. Hybridization of Xenopus Levis peters) (power)) and X I. Iaevis. Rev. Suisse Zool. 75 :1023-1032. Blair, W. F. led.] . 1972. Evolution of the genus Bufo. University of Texas Press, Aus- tin. 459 p. Boterenbrood, E. C. 1966. Newts and salamanders, Ch. 52, p. 867-892. In UFAW handbook on the care and management of laboratory animals, 32nd ed. Living- ston, London. Boyer, Jr., C. I., K. Blackler, and L. E. Delanney. 1971. Aeromonas hydrophilia in- fection in the Mexican axolotl, Siredon Mexicanum. Lab. Anim. Sci. 21:372-375. Briggs, R. 1952. An analysis of the inactivation of the frog sperm nucleus by tolui- dine blue. J. Gen. Physiol. 35 :761-780. Briggs, R. In press. Developmental genetics of the axolotl. F. Ruddle 1ed.1 31st sym- posium of the Society for Developmental Biology. Academic Press, New York. Briggs, R. and T. J. King. 1952. Transplantation of living nuclei from blastula cells into enucleated frogs' eggs. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., U.S. 38 :455~63. Brown, A. L. 1970. The African clawed toad. Butterworth, London. 120 p. Brown, L. E. 1973. Speciation in Rana pipiens complex. Am. Zool. 13:73-79. Cairns, A. M., J. W. Bock, and F. G. Bock 1967. Leopard frogs raised in partially controlled conditions. Nature 213:191-193. Chesterman, F. C. 1967. Viruses, p. 60-67. In R. W. Raven and F. C. Roe led.] The prevention of cancer. Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York. Cicmanec, J. L., D. L. Ringler, and E. S. Benke. 1973. Spontaneous occurrence and experimental trans~4ission of fungus, Fonsecaea pedrosoi, in the marine toad, Bufo marinus. Lab. Anim. Sci. 23:43~7. Clark, J. R., and R. L. Clark {ed.] . 1971. Sea water systems for experimental aquar- iums. T. F. H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 192 p. Clark, H. F., C. Gray, F. Fabian, R. F. Zeigel, and D. T. Karzon. 1969. Comparative studies of amphibian cytoplasmic virus strains isolated from the leopard frog, bullfrog, and newt, p. 310-326. In M. Mizell [ed.] Biology of amphibian tumors. Springer-Verlag, New York. Collard, W., H. Thorton, M. Mizell, and M. Green. 1973. Virus-free adenocarcinoma of the frog (summer phase tumor) transcribes Lucke tumor herpesvirus-specific RNA. Science 181:448 449. Committee on Animal Nutrition, National Research Council. 1972. Number 10: Nutrient requirements of laboratory animals, 2nd ed. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. 1 17 p. Committee on Revision of the Guide for Laboratory Animal Facilities and Care. 1972. Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals. U.S. Dep. Health, Educ., and Welfare, National institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md. 56 p. Committee on Standards, Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources. In press. Fishes: Guidelines for the breeding, care, and management of laboratory animals. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

OCR for page 143
145 Conant, R. 1958. A field guide to reptiles and amphibians. Houghton-Mifflin, Boston. 366 p. Cooke, A. S. 1971. Selective predation by newts on frog tadpoles treated with DDT. Nature 229:275-276. Cooke, A. S. 1972. Indications of recent changes in status in the British Isles of the frog (Rana temporaria) and the toad (Bulo bufo). J. Zool. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 167:161-178. Crans, W. J. 1969. Preliminary observations on frog filariasis in New Jersey. Proc. Annul Conf. Bull. Wildl. Dis. Assoc. 5:342-347. Culley, Jr., D. D. 1973. Use of bullfrogs in biological research. Am. Zool. 13:85-90. Culley, Jr., D. D., and S. P. Meyers. 1972. Frog culture and ration development. Feedstuffs 44(31):26. Cullum, L., and J. T. Justus. 1973. Housing for aquatic animals. Lab. Anion. Sci. 23: 1 26-1 29. Culp, R. L., and G. L. Culp. 1971. Advanced wastewater treatment. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. 310 p. Daly, J. W., and B. Witkop. 1971. Chemistry and pharmacology of frog venoms, p. 497-519. In W. Bucherl, E. E. Buckley and V. Deulofeu [ed.l Venomous animals and their venoms, Vol. 2. Academic Press, New York. Dasgupta, S. 1962. Induction of triploidy by hydrostatic pressure in the leopard frog, Rana pipiens. J. Exp. Zool. 151 :105-121. Davidson, E. H., and B. R. Hough. 1969. Synchronous oogenesis in Engystomops pustulosus, a neotropic anuran suitable for laboratory studies: Localization in the embryo of RNA synthesized at the lampbrush stage. J. Exp. Zool. 172: 25~8. Dawe, C. J. 1969. Some comparative morphological aspects of renal neoplasms in Rana pipiens and of lymphosarcomas in amphibia, p. 429~40. In M. Mizell [ed.] Biology of amphibian tumors. Springer-Verlag, New York. Deuchar, E. M. 1972. Xenopus laevis and developmental biology. Biol. Rev. 47: 37-1 1 2. Di Berardino, M. A. 1967. Frogs, p. 53-74, In F. H. Wilt and N. K. Wessells [ed. Methods in developmental biology. Thomas Y. Crowell Co., New York. Duryee, W. R., M. E. Long, H. C. Taylor, Jr., W. P. McKelway, and R. L. Ehrmann. 1960. Human and amphibian neoplasms compared. Science 131:276-280. D'Ver, A. S. 1973. The animal lab's lost science: Personnel management. Lab. Anim. 2:1 6. Ecker, A., and Wiedersheim, R. 1896. Anatomie des Frosches. Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig. Elkan, E. 1960. Some interesting pathological cases in amphibians. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 134:375-396. Elsdale, T. R., J. B. Gurdon, and M. Fischberg. 1960. A description of the tech- nique for nuclear transplantation in Xenopus laevis. J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 8:437~444. Emerson, H., and C. Norris. 1905. "Red-leg," an infectious disease of frogs. J. Exp. Med. 7: 32-58. Emery, A. R., A. H. Berst, and K. Kodaira. 1972. Under-ice observation of winter- ing sites of leopard frogs. Copeia 1:123-126. Emmons, M. B. 1973. Problems of an amphibian supply house. Am. Zool. 13:91-96. Ewing, W. H., R. Hugh, J. G. Johnson. 1961. Studies on the Aeromonas. U.S. Dep. Health, Educ., and Welfare, Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Georgia. 37 p.

OCR for page 143
146 Fankhauser, G. 1945. The effects of the change in chromosome number on amphib- ian development. Q. Rev. Biol. 20:2~78. Fankhauser, G. 1955. The role of nucleus and cytoplasm, p. 126-150. In B. H. Woollier, P. A. Weiss, and V. Hamburger redo Analysis of development. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia. Farrar, E. S. 1972. Some aspects of carbohydrate metabolism and its regulation by adrenalin and glucagon in Raffia pipiens. Ph.D. thesis, University of Michi- gan, Ann Arbor. Farrell, R. K., and S. D. Johnson. 1973. Identification of laboratory animals: Freeze marking. Lab. Anim. Sci. 23:107-110. Fraser, L. R. 1971. Physio-chemical properties of an agent that induces parthenogen- esis in Rana pipiens eggs. J. Exp. Zool. 177 :153-172. Frazer, J. F. D. 1966. Frogs and toads, Ch. 51, p. 853-866. In UFAW handbook on the care and management of laboratory animals, 3rd ed. Livingston, London. Freed, J. J., and L. Mezger-Freed. 1970. Stable haploid cultured cell lines from embryos. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., U.S. 65:337-344. Gasche, P. 1943. Die Zucht van Xenopus laevis Daudin und ihre Bedeutung fur die biologische Forschung. Rev. Suisse Zool. 50:262-269. Gasche, P. 1944. Beginn und Verlauf der Metamorphose bet Xenopus laevis Daudin Festlegung van Umwandlungsstadien. Helv. Physiol. Pharmacol. Acta 2:607~26. Gay, W. I. (chairman). 1971. Defining the laboratory animal. IV Symposium, Int. Comm. on Laboratory Animals. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. 628p. Gibbs, E. L. 1963. An effective treatment for reddeg disease in Rana pipiens. Lab. Anim. Care 13:781-783. Gibbs, E. L. 1973. Rana pipiens health and disease. How little we know. Am. Zool. 13:93-96. Gibbs, E. L., T. J. Gibbs, and T. C. Van Dyclc. 1966. Rana pipiens: Health and dis- ease. Lab. Anim. Care 16: 142-1 60. Gibbs, E. L., G. W. Nace, and M. B. Emmons. 1971. The live frog is almost dead. BioScience 21 :1027-1034. Goin, C. J., and O. B. Gain. 1971. Introduction to herpetology, 2nd ed. Freeman, San Francisco. 356 p. Gosner, K. L. 1960. A simplified table for staging anuran embryos and larvae with notes on identification. Herpetologia 16:183-190. Granoff, A. 1969. Viruses of amphibia. Curr. Top. Microbial. Immunol. 50:107- 137. Granoff, A. 1972. Lucke tumor-associated viruses-A review, p. 171-182. In P. M. Briggs, G. de-The, and L. N. Payne [ed.] Oncogenesis and herpesviruses. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon. Granoff, A., P. E. Came, and K. A. Rafferty, Jr. 1965. The isolation and proper- ties of viruses from Rana pipiens: Their possible relationship to the renal adenocarcinoma of the leopard frog. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 126:237-255. Gravell, M. 1971. Viruses and renal carcinoma of Rana pipiens X. Comparison of herpes-type viruses associated with Lucke tumor-bearing frogs. Virology 43:730-733. Gromko, M. H., S. M. I:rancene, and S. J. Smith~ill. 1973. Analysis of the crowding effect in Rana pipiens tadpoles. J. Exp. Zool. 186:63-71. Guillet, F., C-L. Gallien, and M-T Chalumeau-Le Foulgoc. 1971. Etude de la malate deshydrogenase du plasma sanguin et des hematies darts le genre Pleurodeles (amphibian, urodele). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 272:1810-1812.

OCR for page 143
147 Gurdon, J. B. 1959. Tetraploid frogs. J. Exp. Zool. 141:519-543. Gurdon, J. B. 1960. The effects of ultraviolet irradiation on uncleaned egos of Xenopus Levis. Q. J. Microsc. Sci. 101:299-311. Gurdon, J. B. 1967. African clawed frogs, p. 75-84. In F. H. Wilt and N. K. Wessells [ed.1 Methods in developmental biology. Thomas Y. Crowell Co., New York. ~ Guyetant, R. 1964. Comparative action of light and daric on growth and meta- morphosis of tadpoles of Rana temporaria. Zool. Physiol. 19:77-98. Hadji-Azimi, I., and M. Fischberg. 1972. Some pathological aspects of the spontaneous Iymphoid tumour in Xenopus Levis. Pathol. Microbial. 38:118-132. Hamburger, V. 1960. A manual of experimental embryology. University of Chi- cago Press, Chicago. 220 p. Heatwole, H. 1961. Inhibition of digital regeneration in salamanders and its use in marking individuals for field studies. Ecology 42:593-594. Hejmadi, P. M. 1970. Transfer of maternal serum proteins into the egg of Rana pipiens and their role in development. Ph.D. thesis. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Hellman, A. [ed.] . 1969. Biohazard control and containment in oncogenic virus research. U.S. Dep. Health, Educ., and Welfare, National Institutes of Health, USPHS. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 31 p. Hellman, A., M. N. Oxman, and R. Pollack. 1973. Biohazards in biological research. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York. 230 p. Hennen, S. 1970. Influence of spermine and reduced temperature on the ability of transplanted nuclei to promote normal development in eggs of Rana pipiens. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., U.S. 66:630~37. Hirschfeld, W. J., C. M. Richards, and G. W. Nace. 1970. Growth of larval and juven- ile Rana pipiens on four laboratory diets. Am. Zool. 10:315. Holtfreter, J. 1931. Uber die Aufzucht isolierter Teile des Amphibien Keimes II. Arch. F. Ent. Mech. 124:404-465. Hsu, C., and H. Liang. 1970. Sex races of Rana catesbeiana in Taiwan. Herpetolog- ica 26:214-221. Hutchison, V. H., and M. A. Kohl. 1971. The effect of photoperiod on daily rhythms of oxygen consumption in the tropical toad, Bulo marinas. Z. Vgl. Physiol. 75 :367-382. ILAR News. 1972. Annual survey of animals used for research purposes during cal- endar year 1971. 16(1):i-xv. Inoue, S., M. Singer, and J. Hutchinson. 1965. Causative agent of a spontaneously originating visceral tumor of the newt, ~iturus. Nature 205 :408~09. Jaeger, R. J. and R. J. Rubin. 1973. Extraction, localization, and metabolism of di-2~thylhexyl phthalate from PVC plastic medical dewees. Environ. Health Perspect., DHEW Publ. No. 73-218 :95-102. Jakowska, S. 1972. Fish protein concentrate as artificial diet for the tropical toad, Bufo marinas. Unpublished paper presented at the 23rd Annual AALAS Session, Oct. 1972. Johnson, L. G., and E. P. Volpe. 1973. Patterns and experiments in developmental biology. Wm. C. Brown Company, Dubuque, Iowa. 255 p. Joiner, G. N., and G. D. Abrams. 1967. Experimental tuberculosis in the leopard frog. J. Am. Vet. Assoc. 151:942-949. Justus, J. T., and L. Cullum. 1971. A new method of housing axolotls and other aquatic amphibians. Lab. Anim. Sci. 21: 110-111.

OCR for page 143
148 Kaess, W., and F. Kaess. 1960. Perception of apparent motion in the common toad. Science 132:953. Kaplan, H. M.1962. Toxicity of chlorine for frogs. Proc. Anim. Care Panel 12: 259-262. Kaplan, H. M.1969. Anesthesia in amphibians and reptiles. Fed. Proc. 28:1541- 1546. Kaplan, H. M., N. Yee, and S. S. Glaczenski.1964. Toxicity of fluoride for frogs. Anim. Care 14:185-188. Kaplan, H. M., and S. S. Glaczenski.1965. Salamanders as laboratory animals: Necturus. Lab. Anim. Care 15 (2): 151 -155. Katagiri, C.1961. On the fertilizability of the frog egg, I. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ., Ser. VI, Zool.14:607-613. Kawamura, T., and M. Nishioka. 1963. Nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid frogs between two species of Japanese brown frogs and their offspring. J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser.B.,Div.121:107-134. Kawamura, T., and M. Nisbioka.1967. On the sex and reproductive capacity of tetraploids in amphibians. Gumma Symposia on Endocrinol. Proc.4:23-39. Kawamura, T., and M. Nishioka.1972. Seven articles in Science report of the labora- tory for amphibian biology, Hiroshima University.1:1-350. Kawamura, T., and M. Nishioka. 1973. Superiority of anuran amphibians as experi- mental materials. In Proceedings of the ICLA Asian Pacific Meeting on Laboratory Animals. Exp. Anim., Suppl. 22:11-126. Keppler, W. J., W. Klassen, and J. B. Kitzmiller.1965. Laboratory evaluation of certain larvicides against Culex pipiens, Linn, Anopheles albimonus, Wied, and Anopheles quadrimaculatus, Say. Mosquito News 25:415~19. King, T. J.1966. Nuclear transplantation in amphibia, p.1-36. In D. M. Prescott 1ed.] Methods in cell physiology, Vol. II. Academic Press, New York. King, T. J.1967. Amphibian nuclear transplantation, p. 737-751. In F. H. Wilt and N. K. Wessells 1ed.] Methods in developmental biology. Thomas Y. Crowell Co., New York. King, T. J., and R. Briggs.1955. Changes in the nuclei of differentiating gastrula cells, as demonstrated by nuclear transplantation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., U.S. 41 :321-325. Krauskopf, L. G.1973. Studies on the toxicity of phthalates via ingestion. Environ. Health Perspect., DHEW Publ. No. 73-218:61-72. Kulp, W. L., and D. G. Borden.1942. Further studies on Proteus hydrophilus, the etiological agent in "red-leg" disease of frogs. J. Bacteriol.44:673-685. Littlejohn, M. L., and R. S. Oldham.1968. Rana pipiens complex: Mating call struc- ture and taxonomy. Science 162:1003-1004. Loeb, J. 1899. On the nature of the process of fertilization and the artificial produc- tion of normal larvae (plutei) from the unfertilized eggs of the sea urchin. Am. J. Physiol. 3:135-138. Lom, J. 1969. Cold-blooded vertebrate immunity to protozoa, p. 249-265. In G. J. Jackson, R. Herman, and 1. Singer 1ed.] Immunity to parasitic animals, Vol. 1. Appleton{:entury~rofts, New York. Lunger, P. D.1964. The isolation and morphology of the Lucke frog kidney tumor virus. Virology 24: 138-145. Lunger, P. D.1966. Amphibia-related viruses. Adv. Virus Res. 12:1-33. Mahoney, J. J., and V. H. Hutchison.1969. Photoperiod acclimation and 24-hour variations in the critical thermal maxima of a tropical and a temperate frog. Oecologia 2: 143-161.

OCR for page 143
149 Malacinski, G. H., and A. J. Brothers. In press. Mutant genes in the Mexican axolotl: A resource for the study of developmental genetics. Science. Marlow, P. B., and S. Mizell. 1972. Incidence of Lucke renal adenocarcinoma in Rana pipiens as determined by histological examination. J. Natl. Cancer lust. 48:823- 829. Masui, Y. 1967. Relative roles of the pituitary, follicle cells, and progesterone in the induction of oocyte maturation in Rana pipiens. J. Exp. Zool. 116:365-376. Maugh, T. H. 1972. Frog shortage possible this winter. Science 178:387. Mawdesley-Thomas, L. E. [ed.] . 1972. Diseases of fish. Academic Press, New York. 380 p. McKee, J. E., and H. W. Wolf. 1963. Water quality criteria. Resources Agency, California State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento. Publ. No. 3-A. 548 p. McKinnell, R. G. 1962. Intraspecific nuclear transplantation in frogs. J. Hered. 53:199-207. McKinnell, R. G. 1964. Expression of the kandiyohi gene in triploid frogs produced by nuclear transplantation. Genetics 49 :89S-903. McKinnell, R. G. 1965. incidence and histology of renal tumors of leopard frogs from the North Central states. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 126:85-98. McKinnell, R. G. 1973. The Lucke frog kidney tumor and its herpesvirus. Am. Zool. 1 3:97-1 14. McKinnell, R. G., and D. C. Dapkus. 1973. The distribution of burns) and kandiyohi frogs in Minnesota and contiguous states. Am. Zool. 13:81-84. McKinnell, R. G., and V. L. Ellis. 1972. Epidemiology of the frog renal turnout and the significance of turnout nuclear transplantation studies to a viral aetiology of the tumour, p. 183-197. In P. M. Briggs, G. de-The, and L. N. Payne [ed.l Oncogenesis and herpesviruses. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon. McKinnell, R. G., M. F. Mims, and L. A. Reed. 1969. Laser ablation of maternal chromosomes in eggs of Raffia pipiens. Z. Zellforsch. 93:30-3S. Miles, E. M. 1950. Red-leg in tree frogs caused by Bacterium alkaligenes J. Gen. Microbial. 4:434~36. Mizell, M. led.] . 1969. Biology of amphibian tumors. Springer-Verlag, New York. 484 p. Mizell, M., I. Toplin, and J. J. lsaacs. 1969. Tumor induction in the developing frog kidneys by a zonal centrifuge purified fraction of the frog herpes-type virus. Science 165 :1 134-1 137. Moore, J. A. 1942. An embryological and genetical study of Rana burns) weed. Genetics 27:406~16. Moore, J. A. 1955. Abnormal combinations of nuclear and cytoplasmic systems in frogs and toads. Adv. Genet. 7:139-182. Nace, G. W. 1968. The amphibian facility at the University of Michigan. Bio- Science 18:767-775. Nace, G. W. 1970. The use of amphibians in biomedical research, p. 103-124. In Charles C. Middleton (chairman) Animal models for biomedical research III. Proceedings of a Symposium. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Nace, G. W., and C. M. Richards. 1969. Development of biologically defined strains of amphibians, p. 409~418. In M. Mizell [ed.l Biology of amphibian tumors. Springer-Verlag, New York. Nace, G. W., and C. M. Richards. 1972a. Living frogs. 1. Adults. Carolina Tips 35: 37-39.

OCR for page 143
150 Nace, G. W., and C. M. Richards. 1972b. Living frogs. 2. Care. Carolina Tips 35: 41~3. Nace, G. W., and C. M. Richards. 1972c. Living frogs. 3. Tadpoles. Carolina Tips 35 :45-47. Nace, G. W., C. M. Richards, and T. Kawamura, 1965. Development of an amphib- ian facility. Anim. Care Panel 17:80. Nace, G. W., C. M. Richards, and H. Sambuichi. 1966. Establishment of an amphib- ian facility. Am. Zool. 6(4):547. Nace, G. W., C. M. Richards, and J. H. Asher, Jr. 1970. Parthenogenesis and genetic variability. I. Linkage and inbreeding estimations in the frog, Rana pipiens. Genetics 66:349-368. Nace, G. W., J. K. Waege, and C. M. Richards. 1971. Sources of amphibians for re- search. BioScience 21:768-773. Nace, G. W., C. M. Richards, and G. M. Hazen. 1973. Information control in the amphibian facility: The use of R. pipiens disruptive patterning for individual identification and genetic studies. Am. Zool. 13:1 15-137. Napier, E. A. 1968. Transport of kiglicaide across the rat mucosa. Fed. Proc. 27:635. Nieuwkoop, P. D., and J. Faber led.] . 1956. Normal table of Xenopus Levis (Daudin); A systematical and chronological survey of the development from the fertilized egg till the end of metamorphosis. North-Holland Publ., Amsterdam. 359 p. Orton, G. L. 1952. Key to the genera of tadpoles in the United States and Canada. Am. Midl. Nat. 47:382-412. Pace, A. 1972. Systematic and biological studies of the leopard frogs (Rana pipiens complex) of the United States. Ph.D. thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Papermaster, D. S., and E. Gralla. 1973. Frog health. Science 180:10. Pickering, Q. H., and W. N. Vigor. 1965. The acute toxicity of zinc to eggs and fry of the fathead minnow. Prog. Fish~ult. 27:15 3-157. Platz, J. E., and A. L. Platz. 1973. Rana pipiens complex: Hemoglobin phenotypes of sympatric and allopatric populations in Arizona. Science 179:1334-1336. Poiley, S. M. 1972. Growth tables for 66 strains and stocks of laboratory animals. Lab. Anim. Sci. 22:759-779. Pollister, A. W., and J. A. Moore. 1937. Tables for the normal development of Rana sylvatica Anat. Rec. 68:489-496. Porter, K. R. 1939. Androgenetic development of the egg of Rana pipiens Biol. Bull. 77:233-257. Porter, K. R. 1972. Herpetology. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia. 524 p. Priddy, J. M., and D. D. Culley. 1971. The frog culture industry, past and present. Proc. 25th Annul Conf. S.E. Assoc. Game Fish Comm., Charleston, S.C.:597~01. Rafferty, Jr., K. A. 1962. Age and environmental temperature as factors influencing development of kidney tumors in uninoculated frogs. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 29: 253-265. Rafferty, Jr., K. A. 1965. 1 he cultivation of inclusion associated viruses from Lucke tumor frogs. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 126:3-26. Reichenbach-Klinke, H., and E. Elkan. 1965. The principal diseases of lower verte- brates. Academic Press, New York. 600 p. Reid, G. K. 1961. Ecology of inland waters and estuaries. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. 375 p. Richards, C. M. 1958. The inhibition of growth in crowded Rana pipiens tadpoles. Physiol. Zool. 31 :1 38-151 .

OCR for page 143
151 Richards, C. M. 1962. The control of tadpole growth by algae-like cells. Physiol. Zool. 35:285-296. Richards, C. M., and G. W. Nace. In press. Sex in Rena pipiens. Test of the XX-XY hypothesis based on unusual male frequencies among gynogenetic and certain biparental progeny and on hormonal sex reversal. Submitted to J. Environ. Zool. Richards, C. M., D. T. Tartof, and G. W. Nace. 1969. A melanoid variant in Rana pipiens Copeia (4):850-852. Richardson, L. R. 1937. Observations on trichodinid infection [Cyclochaetosis of Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill)] . Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. (Washington, D.C.) 67:228-231. Rose, S. M. 1946. Disease control in frogs. Science 104:330. Rose, S. M., and F. C. Rose. 1965. The control of growth and reproduction in freshwater organisms by specific products. Mitt. Int. Ver. Limnol. 13:21-35. Rowlands, Jr., D. T. 1969. General mechanisms and principles of immunity in cold-blooded vertebrates, p. 231-248. In G. J. Jackson, R. Herman, and 1. Singer ied.] immunity to parasitic animals, Vol. 1. Appleton~entury- Crofts, New York. Rugh, R. 1965. Experimental embryology. Techniques and procedures, 3rd ed. Burgess, Minneapolis. 501 p. Russet, F. H. 1898. An epidemic, septicemic disease among frogs due to the Bacillus hydrophilus Discus. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 20:1442-1449. Sambuichi, H. 1959. Production of polyploids by means of transplantation of nuclei in frog eggs. J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B., Div. 1 18:39~3. Sarkar, H. B. D., and M. Appaswamy Rao. 1971. Effect of thyroidectomy and administration of thyroxine on ovulation and spawning in viva, in vitro and in transplantation in the skipper frog, Rana cyanophlyctis (Schn.). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 16:594-598. Savage, R. M. 1961. The ecology and life history of the common frog. Sir Isaac Pit- man & Sons, Ltd., London. 221 p. Schmidt, R. S., and W. R. Hudson. 1969. Maintenance of adult anurans. Lab. Anim. Sci. 19:617-620. Schuetz, A. W. 1967. Action of hormones on germinal vesicle breakdown in frog (Rana pipiens) oocytes. J. Exp. Zool. 166:347-354. Schwabe, C. W. 1969. Veterinary medicine and human health, 2nd ed. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 713 p. Shaver, J. R. 1953. Studies on the initiation of cleavage in the frog egg. J. Exp. Zool. 122:169-192. Shumway, W. 1940. Stages in the normal development of Rana pipiens. 1. External form. Anat. Rec. 78:139-144. Signoret, J., R. Briggs, and R. R. Humphrey. 1962. Nuclear transplantation in the axalotl. Develop. Biol. 4:134-164. Smith, H. M. 1969. The Mexican axolotl: Some misconceptions and problems. BioScience 19:593-597. Smith-Gill, S. J., C. M. Richards, and G. W. Nace. 1972. Genetic and metabolic bases of two "albino" phenotypes in the leopard frog, Rana pipiens. J. Exp. Zool. 180:157-167. Society for the study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 1971 et seq. Catalogue of Ameri- can amphibians and reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetolo- gists, American Museum of Natural History, New York. (loose-leaf)

OCR for page 143
152 Spotte, S. H.1970. Fish and invertebrate culture-Water management in closed systems. Wiley-Interscience, New York. 145 p. Steats, J. 1972. Standardized nomenclature for inbred strains of mice: Fifth listing. Cancer Res. 32:1609-1646. Stearns, J. E. 1973. How it all began. Published by author, P.O. Box 514, Palestine, Texas 75801. 60 p. Stebbins, R. C. 1966. A field guide to western amphibians and reptiles. Houghton- Mifflin, Boston.279 p. Stober, Q. J., and W. R. Payne, Jr. 1966. A method for preparation of pesticide- free fish food from commercial fish food pellets. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 95: 212-213. Subtelny, S.1958. The development of haploid and homozygous diploid frog embryos obtained from transplantations of haploid nuclei. J. Exp. Zool. 1 39 :263-305. Subtelny, S., and C. Bradt. 1963. Cytological observations on the early develop- mental stages of activated Rana pipiens eggs receiving a transplanted blastula nucleus. J. Morphol. 112:45~0. Taylor, A. C., and J. J. Kollros. 1946. Stages in the normal development of Rana pipiens larvae. Anat. Rec. 94 :2-23. Tweedell, K. S. 1967. Induced oncogenesis in developing frog kidney cells. Cancer Res. 27 :2042-2052. Tweedell, K. S. 1972. Experimental alteration of the oncogenicity of frog tumor cell-viral fractions. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 140:1246-1251. Tweedell, K. S., and A. Granoff. 1968. Viruses and renal carcinoma of Rana pipiens. V. Effect of frog virus 3 on developing frog embryos and larvae. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 40:407-410. Van der Hoeden, J. [ed.] . 1964. Zoonoses. Elsevier Publishing Co., Amsterdam. 774 p. Van der Steen, A. B. M., B. J. Cohen, D. H. Ringler, G. D. Abrams, and C. M. Richards. 1972. Cutaneous neoplasms in the leopard frog (Rana pipiens). Lab. Anim. Sci. 22:216-222. van der Wasij, D., T. M. Speltie, and J. M. Vossen. 1972. Biotyping of Entero- bacteriaceae as a test for the evaluation of isolation systems. J. Hyg. Camb. 70 :639-650. van der Waaij, D., B. J. Cohen, and G. W. Nace. In press. Colonization patterns of aerobic gram negative bacteria in the cloaca of Rana pipiens J. Lab. Anim. Sci. 24. Volpe, E. P. 1955. A taxo-genetic analysis of the status of Rana kandiyohi weed. Syst. Zool. 4 :75-82. Volpe, E. P. [ed.] . 1971. Biology of immunity in amphibians. Am. Zool. 1 1 :167-237. Volpe, E. P., and R. G. McKinnell. 1966. Successful tissue transplantation in frogs produced by nuclear transfer. J. Hered. 57:167-174. Wagner, E. K., B. Roizman, T. Savage, P. G. Spear, M. Mizell, F. E. Durr, and D. Sypowicz. 1970. Characteristics of the DNA of herpesviruses associated with Lucke adenocarcinoma of the frog and Burkitt Iymphoma of man. J. Virol. 42:257-261. Walton, A. C. 1964. The parasites of amphibia. Wildlife disease, #39 and #40. (Microcards available through Wildlife Diseases Association, 333 N. Mich. Ave., Chicago, III.). Walton, A. C. 1966. Supplemental catalog of the parasites of amphibia. Wildlife disease, #48.

OCR for page 143
153 Walton, A. C. 1967. Supplemental catalog of the parasites of amphibia. Wildlife disease, #50. Weiz, P. B. 1945a. The development and morphology of the larvae of the South African clawed toad, Xenopus Levis. I. The third-form tadpole. J. Morphol. 77:1 63-19 1. Weiz, P. B. 1945b. The development and morphology of the larvae of the South African clawed toad, Xenopus laevis. II. The hatching and the first-and-second form tadpoles. J. Morphol. 77:193-217. Whipple, H. E. led.] . 1965. Viral diseases of poikilothermic vertebrates. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 126: 1~680. Witschi, E. 1930. Studies on sex differentiation and sex determination in amphibians. J. Exp. Zool. 56:149-165. Wolf, D. P., and J. L. Hedrick. 1971. A molecular approach to fertilization. II. Viabil- ity and artificial fertilization of Xenopus laevis gametes. Devel. Biol. 25:348-359. Wolf, K., G. L. Bullock, C. E. Dunbar, and M. C. Quimby. 1968. Tadpole edema virus: A viscerotropic pathogen for anuran amphibians. J. Infect. Dis. 118:253- 262. Wolf, K., G. L. Bullock, C. E. Dunbar, and M.C. Quimby. 1969. Tadpole edema virus: Pathogenesis and growth studies and additional sites of virus infected bullfrog tadpoles, p. 326-336. In M. Mizell [ed.] The biology of amphibian tumors. Springer-Verlag, New York. Woolley, H. P. 1973. Subcutaneous acrylic polymer injections as a marking technique for amphibians. Copeia (2):340-341. Wright, A. H. 1920. Frogs: Their natural history and utilization. Bureau of Fisher- ies Document No. 888. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. Wright, A. H., and A. A. Wright. 1949. Handbook of frogs and toads. Comstock, Ithaca, New York. 640 p. Wright, P. A., and A. R. Flathers. 1961. Facility of pituitary induced ovulation by progesterone in early faU. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 106:346-347. Zambernard, J., and A. E. Vatter. 1966. The fine structural cyto-chemistry of virus particles found in renal tumors of leopard frogs. I. An enzymatic study of the viral nucleoid. Virology 28:318-324.

OCR for page 143

OCR for page 143
To assist ILAR in determining the usefulness of this guide, please complete and return this questionnaire to the institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, Na- tional Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20418. l QUESTIONNAIRE 1. Specific area of scientific interests? Institution Department 2. What portions of the guide did you find particularly useful? a. Which sections did you find difficult to use? b. Were any sections contrary to your experience or misleading? Were any sections too vague or overly explicit? 3. Suggestions for the improvement of future issues c. Other: 4. Purpose for which guide was obtained: General reference Specific requirement for information Other (specify) Amphibians

OCR for page 143