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EMERGENCY AND CONTINUOUS EXPOSURE LIMITS FOR SELECTED AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS

Volume 1

prepared by the

COMMITTEE ON TOXICOLOGY

Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards

Commission on Life Sciences

National Research Council

National Academy Press
Washington, D.C.
April 1984



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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants, Volume 1 EMERGENCY AND CONTINUOUS EXPOSURE LIMITS FOR SELECTED AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS Volume 1 prepared by the COMMITTEE ON TOXICOLOGY Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards Commission on Life Sciences National Research Council National Academy Press Washington, D.C. April 1984

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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants, Volume 1 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. The Council operates in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy under the authority of its congressional charter of 1863, which establishes the Academy as a private, non-profit, self-governing membership corporation. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in the scientific and engineering communities. It is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine were established in 1964 and 1970, respectively, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences. NOTE ON TIMING OF RELEASE OF REPORT: This report was completed in May 1983. It was originally intended that it be released with Volume 2. However, Volume 2 has been delayed, and Volume 1 is, therefore, being issued separately. Prepared under Contract N00014–80-C-0161 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Office of Naval Research and Contract DAMD-17–82-C-3028 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of the Army’s US Army Medical Research and Development Command.

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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants, Volume 1 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This document reflects an ongoing effort by the Committee on Toxicology in the past several years to review and update earlier recommendations that were made with regard to exposure to a variety of airborne contaminants primarily of concern to the Department of Defense and to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The preparation of this document has been possible only because of the dedicated efforts of all current members of the Committee on Toxicology and many other members who previously served on the Committee. The document has been evaluated in total by the current members of the Committee; however, much of the work was initially done by former members. The contributions of the following individuals is particularly noted: Dr. Joseph Rodricks, Environ Corporation, Washington, D.C.; Dr. Philip Watanabe, Dow Chemical USA, Midland, MI; 10. Ian Higgins, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Dr. Wendell Kilgore, University of California, Davis, CA; Dr. H.George Mandel, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.; Dr. Charles Reinhardt, E.I. duPont de Nemours and Company, Newark, DE; and Dr. Lawrence Fishbein, National Center for Toxicological Research.

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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants, Volume 1 COMMITTEE ON TOXICOLOGY Roger O.McClellan, Lovelace Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Chairman Richard R.Bates, Clement Associates, Arlington, Virginia Donald J.Ecobichon, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec David W.Gaylor, National Center for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, Arkansas Peter Greenwald, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland Leonard T.Kurland, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota Howard I.Maibach, University of California, San Francisco, California Robert E.Menzer, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland Ronald C.Shank, University of California, Irvine, California Edward A.Smuckler, University of California, San Francisco, California Robert Snyder, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey Ronald J.Spanggord, SRI International, Menlo Park, California Peter Spencer, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York Lloyd Tepper, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, Pennsylvania Clarence J.Terhaar, Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, New York National Research Council Staff Gary R.Keilson, Project Director Catherine L. St. Hilaire, Staff Officer (until May 1983) Francis N.Marzulli, Staff Officer Norman Grossblatt, Editor Brenda D.Spears-Contee, Secretary BOARD ON TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH HAZARDS Ronald W.Estabrook, University of Texas Medical School (Southwestern), Dallas, Texas, Chairman Philip Landrigan, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, Vice-Chairman Edward Bresnick, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont Victor Cohn, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, D.C. A.Myrick Freeman, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine David G.Hoel, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina Michael Lieberman, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri Richard Merrill, University of Virginia Law School, Charlottesville, Virginia Vaun A.Newill, Exxon Corporation, New York, New York John Peters, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California Joseph V.Rodricks, Environ Corporation, Washington, D.C. Liane Russell, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Charles R.Schuster, Jr., University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois National Research Council Staff Robert G.Tardiff, Executive Director

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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants, Volume 1 CONTENTS     Introduction   1     Acetone   5     Acrolein   27     Arsine   35     Carbon disulfide   41     Chloroform   57     Fluorine   77     Mercury vapor   89     Methane   95     Ozone   99     Sulfuric acid   107

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