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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants: Volume 2 EMERGENCY AND CONTINUOUS EXPOSURE LIMITS FOR SELECTED AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS Volume 2 COMMITTEE ON TOXICOLOGY Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards Commission on Life Sciences National Research Council National Academy Press Washington, D.C. October 1984
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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants: Volume 2 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. The Council operates in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy under the authority of its congressional charter of 1863, which establishes the Academy as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in the conduct of their services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. It is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine were established in 1964 and 1970, respectively, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences. This study was prepared under Contract N00014–80-C-0161 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Office of Naval Research and Contract DAMD-17–82-C-3028 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of the Army.
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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants: Volume 2 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This document reflects a continuing effort by the Committee on Toxicology to review and update earlier recommendations that were made with regard to exposure to a variety of airborne contaminants primarily of concern to the Department of Defense and to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The preparation of this document has been possible only because of the dedicated efforts of the current and many past members of the Committee on Toxicology. The document has been evaluated in total by the current members of the Committee; however, much of the work was initially done by former members. The contributions of the following are particularly noted: Richard R.Bates, Health Effects Institute, Cambridge, Mass.; Donald Ecobichon, McGill University; Lawrence Fishbein, National Center for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, Ark.; Peter Greenwald, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md.; Ian Higgins, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.; Wendell Kilgore, University of California, Davis, Cal.; Leonard T.Kurland, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.; Howard Maibach, University of California, San Francisco, Cal.; H.George Mandel, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.; Robert E. Menzer, University of Maryland, College Park, Md.; Charles Reinhardt, E.I.duPont de Nemours and Company, Newark, Del.; Joseph Rodricks, Environ Corporation, Washington, D.C.; Ronald C.Shank, University of California, Irvine, Cal.; Edward A.Smuckler, University of California, San Francisco, Cal.; Robert Snyder, Rutgers University, Piscataway, N.J.; Peter Spencer, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, N.Y.; and Philip Watanabe, Dow Chemical USA, Midland, Mich.
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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants: Volume 2 COMMITTEE ON TOXICOLOGY Roger O.McClellan, Lovelace Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Chairman Rose Dagirmanjian, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky David W.Gaylor, National Center for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, Arkansas Richard Griesemer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee William Halperin, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio Clark W.Heath, Jr., Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia Meryl Karol, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Ronald J.Spanggord, SRI International, Menlo Park, California Thomas R.Tephly, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa Lloyd B.Tepper, Air Products & Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, Pennsylvania Clarence J.Terhaar, Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, New York National Research Council Staff Francis N.Marzulli, Project Director Gary R.Keilson, Project Director, until September 1983 Kulbir S.Bakshi, Staff Officer Catherine L.St. Hilaire, Staff Officer, until May 1983 Norman Grossblatt, Editor Beulah S.Bresler, Administrative Secretary BOARD ON TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH HAZARDS Gerald N.Wogan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Chairman Donald Hornig, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, Co-Vice-Chairman Philip Landrigan, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, Co-Vice-Chairman John Doull, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas Herman N.Eisen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts Emmanuel Farber, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada David G.Hoel, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina Richard Merrill, University of Virginia Law School, Charlottesville, Virginia Vaun A.Newill, Exxon Corporation, New York, New York Emil Pfitzer, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc., Nutley, New Jersey Joseph V.Rodricks, Environ Corporation, Washington, D.C. Liane B.Russell, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Ellen Silbergeld, Environmental Defense Fund, Washington, D.C. Peter Spencer, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York National Research Council Staff Devra Lee Davis, Executive Director
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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants: Volume 2 CONTENTS Introduction 1 Summary 3 Chlorine 5 Chlorine trifluoride 12 Ethanolamine 17 Fluorocarbon 11 26 Fluorocarbon 12 34 Fluorocarbon 21 41 Fluorocarbon 113 46 Fluorocarbon 114 51 Isopropyl Alcohol 56 Phosgene 69 Sodium Hydroxide 87 Sulfur Dioxide 95 Vinylidene Chloride 103 Xylene 113
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