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Appendix A BIBLIOGRAPHY American Medical Association. U. S. Medical Licensure Statistics (1980-1981 ) and Licensure Requirements (1982~. Chicago, Illinois: American Medical Association, 1982. American Medical Association. A Report of the Council on Medical Education. Future Directions for Medical Education. Chicago, Illinois: American Medical Association, 1982. American Medical Association. A Report on Physician Manpower and Medical Education. Chicago' Illinois: American Medical Association, 1971. American Medical Association. Trends in Medical Practice: An Analysis of the Distribution and Characteristics of Medical College Graduates, Lotion, 1970. American Medical Association. A Report of the Citizens Commission on Graduate Medical Education. The Graduate Education of Physicians. Chicago, Illinois: American Medical Association, 1966. Anlyan, W.G., et al. The Future of Medical Education. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1973. Association of Academic Health Centers. The Organization and Governance of Academic Health Centers, Executive Summary Volume I. Washington, ~ . D.C.: Association of Academic Health Centers, 1980. Association of Academic Health Centers. Impact of Changes in Federal Policy on Academic Health Centers. Washington, D.C.: MHC, 1982. Association of American Medical Colleges. Proceedings of the Regional Institutes on Geriatrics and Hedical Education. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1983. Association of American Medical Colleges. Minority Student Opportunities in United States Medical Schools , 1982-83 . Washington, D. C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1982. Association of American Medical Colleges. Directory of American Medical Education. Washington, D.C.: Associatlon of American Medical Colleges, 1981. Association of American Medical Colleges. AAllC Curriculum Directory: 1982-83. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1982. Association of American Medical Colleges. Medical Practice Plans in 1980. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1981. 286

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Association of American Medical Colleges. Graduate Medical Education: Proposals for the Eighties. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1981~~ ~ Association of American Medical Colleges. Medical School Admission Requirements : 1983-84. Washlngton, O.C.: Association of American Medical Co lleges, 1982 . Association of American Medical Colleges. Medical Etucatlon: Institutions, Characeerl~tics and Programs : A Background Paper. Washington, D. C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1979. Association of American Medical Colleges. NIH Evaluation Program, Education Pat terns and Re search Grant Success of Medical School Faculty . Washington, D.C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1979. Bankowski, Z. and Corvera Bernardelli, J. C., eds. Medical Ethics and Medical Education. XIVth CIOMS Round Table Conference. Geneva: Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, 1981. Becker, H.S., Geer, B., Hughes, E.C., and Strauss, A.L. . Rave in Wh! the ~ Student Culture in Medical School. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 1961. Be ran, R.L. and Kriner, R.E. A Study of Three-Year Curricula- in U.S. Medical Schools. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1978. Bowers, J.Z. and Purcell, E.F., eds. The Impact of Health Services on Medical Education: A Global View. New York: Josiah Racy Jr. Foundation, 1978 e Bowers, J.Z. and Purcell, E.F., eds. New Medical Schools at Home and Abroad. New York: Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, 1978. Bowers, J. Z . and Purcell, E. F. . Teaching the Basic Medical Sciences: Human Biology. New York: Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, 1974. British Medical Association. The Handbook of Hedical Ethics. Tavistock Square, London: British Medical Associatlon, 1980. Bullock, M.B. An American Transplant. Berkeley, California: IJni~rersity of California Press, 1980. Carnegie Comn~sion on Higher Etucatlon. Quality and Equality: New Levels of Federal Responsibility for Higher Education. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1968. Carnegie Commission on Higher Education, A Special Report ant Recommendations. Higher Education ant the Nation's Health: Policies for Medical and Dental Education. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1970. ~ - ~~ 281

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A Report of the Carnegie Council on Policy Studies in Higher Education. Progress and Problems in Medical ant Dental Education: Federal Support vat Federal Control. San Francisco, California: JosseY-Bass Publishers, 1976 . Christie, R.V. ~~ in Ten Countries. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976. Cogge~hall, L.T. Planning for Medical Progress Through Education. Evanston, Illinois: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1965. Committee on a Study of Na tional Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel. Personnel Needs and Training for Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press ~ 1981. Condliffe, P.G. and Furnia, A.H., eds. Reform of Medical Education: The Role o f Re search in Med. teal Educat ion . Be thesda, Maryland: Nat tonal Institutes of Health (DHEW Publication No. [NIH] 75-919), 1970. Cope, O. and Zacharias, J. Medical Education Reconsidered. Report of the Endicott House Summer Study on Medical Education, July 1965. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1966. DeFriese, G.H., Beery, W.L., Graham, R.M., and Barry, P.Z. Health Promotion/Disease Prevention in the Clinical Practice of Medicine and Dentistry. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The Health Services Research Center, 1981. Deitrick, J. E. and Berson, R.C . Medical Schools in the United States at Mid-Century. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc ., l9S3. Dyck, A.J. On Human Care: An Introduction to Ethics. Nashville. Tennessee: The Parthenon Press, 1977. Falk, D.S., Wel~feld, N. and McCarberg' P.J., eds. A Report of the National Commission for Health Certifying Agencies. To Assure Continuing Competence. Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (DHHS Publication No. ~ HERA] Bl-5 ), 1981. Fein, R. and Weber, G. I. Financing Medical Education: An Analysis of Alternative Policies and Mechanisms. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1971. Fein, R. The Doctor Shortage: An Economic Diagnosis. Washington, D.C.: The Brookinge Institutlon, 1967. Flexner, A. The Flexner Report on Medical Education in the United States and Canada. A Report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Washington, D.C.: Science and Health Publications, 1960. (Original printing, 1910) Friedman, C.P. and Purcell, E.F., eds. The New Biology and Medical Education: Merging the Biological, Information, and Cognitive Sciences. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, 1983. 288

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Gifford, J.F., ed. Undergraduate Medical Education ant the Elective System: Experien Duke University Press, 1978. Graham, R. and Myers J., eds. A Handbook for Change. Recommendations of the Joint Commission on lledical Education. Rolling Meadows, Illinois: Student American Medical Association, 1~972. Hadley, J., et. Medical Education Financing: Policy Analyses ant Options for the 1980's. New York: Prodist, 1980. . . Hadley, J. More Medical Care, Better Health? An Economic Analysis of Mortality Rates. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Press, 1982. Louis Harris and Associates. Medical Practice in the 1980's: Physicians Look at Their Changing Profession. Prepared f or the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 1981. Health. Washington, [).C.: The World Bank, 1975. l Hunt, A.D. and Weeks' L.E., ede. Medical Education Since 1960: Marching to a Dif ferent Drummer . Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State Universi ty Foundation. Institute of Medicine. Nursing and Nursing Education: Public Policies and Private Actions. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1983. Institute of Medicine. Community Oriented Primary Care. Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press, 1982. Institute of Medicine. Report of a Study: Graduate Medical Education and Mi ~ W ~~ . Washington, O. C.: National Academy of Science s, 1981. Institute of Medicine. Clinical Investlaatione in the 1980~: Needs and oODortunitieS. Washington. [).C.: National A`: a bevy Press , 1981. Institute of Medicine. Aging and Hedlcal Education. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1978. Institute of Medicine. Iledicare-Medicaid Reimbursement Policies: Social Security Studies. - Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1976. Institute of Medicine. Costs of Education in ache Health Professions. Washington, D. C.: National Academy of Sciences ~ 1974. Institute of Medicine. Report of a Conference: Educating for the Health Team. Washington, I).C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1972. Jacobs, R.M. A Flexible Design for Health Professions Education. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1976. 289

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The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Medical Practice in the United States. Princeton, New Jersey: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 1981. Jolly, P. and Smith, W. C. Medical Practice Plans in 1980. Washington, D. C.: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1981. Jonas, S. Medical Mystery: The Training of Doctors in the United States. New York: W.~. Norton and Company, 1978. Kane, R.L., ed. New Health Practioners. Washington, O.C.: Government Printing Office (DREW Publication No. [NIH] 75-875) ~ 1975. Koerner, J.D., ed. lathe New Liberal Arts: An Exchange of Views. New York: Al f red P. Sloan Foundat ion, 1981. Krevans, J.R. and Condliffe, P.G., eds. Reform of Medical Education: The Ef feet of Student Unrest . Washington, D.C.: National Academy of . . Sciences, 1970. Lazarus, W., Levine, E.S., and Lewin, L.S. Competition Among Health Practitioners: The Inf luence of the Medical Profession on the Health Manpower Market. Washington, O.C.: Federal Trade Commission, 1981. Lee, Pip. Medical Schools and the Changing Times: Nine Case Reports on Experimentation in Medical Education, 1950-1960. Evanston, Illinois: Association of American Medical Colleges, 1962. Lewis, I.J. and C.G. Shops. The.Sick Citadel: The American Academic Medical . . Center and the Public Interest. Cambridge, Massachusetts: - Oelgeschlager, Gunn & Hain, Publisher~, Inc., 1983. Lipkin, M., Jr. and Lybrand, W.A. ~ eda. Population-based Medicine. New York: Praeger, 1982. Lippard, V.W. and Purcell, E.F., eta. Case Histories of Ten New Medical Schools. New York: Josiah Macy' Jr. Foundation, 1972. Lippart, V.W. and Purcell, E., eds. The Changing Medical Curriculum: Report of a Macy Conference. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, 1972. Macy Study Group. Graduate Medical Education Present and Prospective: A Call for Action. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, 1980. Macy Commission. Physicians for the Future. New York: Josiah Hacy, Jr. Foundation, 1976. McNeur, R.W., ed. The Changlug Roles and Education of Health Care Personnel Worldwide in View of the Increase of Basic Health Services. Philadelphia: Society for Health and Human Values, 1977. Medical Education in the United States, Annual Report. Journal of the American Medical Association. 290

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Met ical Schoo ts ~ Planning. New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1965. Merton, R.K. ~ Beader, G.G., anal Kendall. P.~., edge. ~ _ Introductory Studies I. Cambridge, = - ,~ Milbank Immortal Fund Commission. Higher Education for Public Health. New York: Prodist, 1976. Miller, G.E., ed. Medical Education and the Contemporary World. Washington, D.C.: ll. S. Government Printing Office (DHEW Publication No. [NIl1] 77-1232), 1977. blillis, J.S. A Rational Public Policy for Medical Education and Its Financing. New York: The National Fund for Medical Education, 1971. National Academy of Sciences. Ad Hoc Committee on Government-University Relationships in Support of Science, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy. ~ ~ _ in Science . Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press , 1983. Restart of the National Advisory Commission on Health Manpower. Washington, O. C.: U. S. Government Printing Of f ice , 1967. National Board of Medical Examiners. Report of the Committee on Goals and Priorities. Evaluation in the Continuum of Medical Education. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: National Board of Medical Examiners, 1973. National Bureau of Economic Research. I. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago lFcess, 1957. National Commission on Community Health Services. Health Manpower: Action to Meet Community Needs. Bethesda, Maryland: National Commission on Community Health Services, 1966. National Research Council, Ad Hoc Committee on Allied Health Personnel, Division of Medical Sciences. Their Use in the blilitary Servi At. 1969. Nelson, R.A. The Governance of Voluntary Teaching Hospitals in New York City. New York: Josiah }lacy, Jr. Foundation, 1974. Page, R.G. and Littiemeyer, M.H., ete. Preparation for the Study of Medicine. . Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, 1969. Pan American Health Organization. First Pan American Conference on Health Manoower Planning. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, 1974. 291

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