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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are chosen from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This report was supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Energy, the Army Research Office, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DMR-8521440. Additional support came from the National Research Council (NRC) Fund, a pool of private, discretionary, nonfederal funds that is used to support a program of Academy-initiated studies of national issues in which science and technology figure significantly. The NRC Fund consists of contributions from a consortium of private foundations including the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Charles E.Culpeper Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the John D. and Catherine T.MacArthur Foundation, the Andrew W.Mellon Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Alfred P.Sloan Foundation; and from the Academy Industry Program, which seeks annual contributions from companies that are concerned with the health of U.S. science and technology and with public policy issues with technological content.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Materials Science and Engineering.

Materials science and engineering for the 1990s: maintaining competitiveness in the age of materials/Committee on Materials Science and Engineering [and] Solid State Sciences Committee, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, and National Materials Advisory Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Research Council.

p. cm.

ISBN 0-309-03928-2.

1. Materials science. 2. Engineering. I. National Research Council (U.S.). Solid State Sciences Committee. II. National Research Council (U.S.). National Materials Advisory Board. III. Title.

TA403.N332 1989

620.1′1–dc20

89–12630

CIP

Cover: Computer-generated image of a mathematical model of Scherk’s first minimal surface. (Reprinted, by permission, from Edwin L.Thomas, David M.Anderson, Chris S.Henkee, and David Hoffman, 1988, Periodic Area-Minimizing Surfaces in Block Copolymers, Nature 334:598–601. Copyright © 1988 by Macmillan Magazines Ltd.)

Copyright © 1989 by the National Academy of Sciences

Printed in the United States of America



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